The Art of Caesar's Bellum Civile: Literature, Ideology, and Community
By: Luca Grillo (author)Hardback
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Traditional approaches have reduced Caesar's Bellum Civile to a tool for teaching Latin or to one-dimensional propaganda, thereby underestimating its artistic properties and ideological complexity. Reading strategies typical of scholarship on Latin poetry, like intertextuality, narratology, semantic, rhetorical and structural analysis, cast a new light on the Bellum Civile: Ciceronian language advances Caesar's claim to represent Rome; technical vocabulary reinforces the ethical division between 'us' and the 'barbarian' enemy; switches of focalization guide our perception of the narrative; invective and characterization exclude the Pompeians from the Roman community, according to the mechanisms of rhetoric; and the very structure of the work promotes Caesar's cause. As a piece of literature interacting with its cultural and socio-political world, the Bellum Civile participates in Caesar's multimedia campaign of self-fashioning. A comprehensive approach, such as has been productively applied to Augustus' program, locates the Bellum Civile at the interplay between literature, images and politics.
Luca Grillo is Assistant Professor of Classics at Amherst College, Massachusetts and has written on subjects as diverse as Vergil's women; narratology in Caesar; Augustine and the destruction of the temple of Caelestis in Carthage; and Nobilior's temple of Hercules Musarum. Current and future projects include a monograph on Fortuna and a commentary on Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus.
Introduction. Between ancient and modern approaches: admirers and detractors of Caesar; 1. The swift and the slow: Caesar's art of characterization; 2. The great contest: constantia, innocentia, pudor, and virtus; 3. Redefining loyalty; 4. The limits and risks of Caesar's leniency; 5. The barbarization of the enemy; 6. Two army-communities and their effect on the Roman people; 7. Shaping the future of Rome: the architecture of the Bellum Civile; Appendix 1. Chronology of the Civil War (pre-Julian calendar) and narrative structure of the Bellum Civile; Appendix 2. Composition, publication and genre of the Bellum Civile; Appendix 3. The manuscript tradition of the Bellum Civile. Opening, end and book division.
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- ID: 9781107009493
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