The ballad is an enduring and universal literary genre. In this book, first published in 1972, David Buchan is concerned to establish the nature of a ballad and of the people who produced it through a study of the regional tradition of the Northeast of Scotland, the most fertile ballad area in Britain. His account of this tradition has two parallel aims, one specifically literary - to investigate the ballad as oral literature - and one broadly ethnographic - to set the regional tradition in its social context. Dr Buchan applies the interesting and important work which has recently been done on oral tradition in Europe on the relationship of the ballad to society to his study of this particular part of Scotland. He examines a nonliterate society to discover what factors besides nonliteracy helped foster its ballad tradition. He analyses the processes of composition and transmission in the oral ballad, and considers the changes which removed nonliteracy, altered social patterns, and seriously affected the ballad tradition. By demonstrating how people who could neither read nor write were able to compose literature of a high order, David Buchan provides a convincing explanation of the ballad's perennial appeal and an answer to the `ballad enigma'. His book is also a valuable study in social history of this culturally distinct region, the Northeast of Scotland.
1. Introduction Part 1. The Oral Tradition: the Folk 2. The Land and the People 3. The Agricultural Society 4. The Border Region 5. The Clannit Society Part 2. The Oral Tradition: the Ballads 6. Balladry and Oral Poetry 7. The Oral Ballads of Mrs Brown 8. The Substance 9. The Structure of the Ballads I 10. The Structure of the Ballads II 11. The Structure of the Ballads III 12. The Sound of the Ballads 13. The Oral Ballad: A Summing-up Part 3. The Tradition in Transition: the Folk 14. The Revolutions 15. The New Society Part 4. The Tradition in Transition: the Ballads 16. The Peter Buchan Controversy 17. The Ballads of James Nicol Part 5. The Modern Tradition 18. The Ballads of Bell Robertson 19. The Bothy Ballads 20. Conclusion