The Birth of Modern Mexico, 1780-1824 investigates the roots of the Mexican Independence era from a variety of perspectives. The essays in this volume link the pre-1810 late Bourbon period to the War of Independence (1810-1821), analyze many crucial aspects of the decade of conflict, and illustrate the continuities with the first years of the independent Mexican nation. They all contribute to a nuanced view of the period: the different conceptions of legitimacy between the popular masses and the elite, the skill and importance of pro-Spanish propaganda, the process of organizing conspiracies, the survival and thriving of a mercantile family, the causes of failing mines, the role of religious thought in the supposed secular state, and differing conceptions of authority by the legislature and the executive. One of the few readable, concise books on the topic of independence, this volume probes the birth of modern Mexico in a crisply written style that is sure to appeal to historians and students of Mexican history.
Christon I. Archer is professor in the Department of History at the University of Calgary.
Introduction Chapter 1: In the Gloomy Caverns of Paganism: Popular Culture, Insurgency, and Nation-Building in Mexico, 1800-1821 Chapter 2: An "Absurd Insurrection"? Creole Insecurity, Pro-Spanish Propaganda, and the Hidalgo Revolt Chapter 3: The Conspiracies of 1811: How the Criollos Learned to Organize in Secret Chapter 4: A Mercantile Family Confronts War and Insurrection: The Iturbe e Iraetas in the Era of Mexican Independence Chapter 5: Years of Decision: Felix Calleja and the Strategy to End the Revolution of New Spain Chapter 6: Mexican Mining and Independence: The Saga of Enticing Opportunities Chapter 7: The Millennium and Mexican Independence: Some Interpretations Chapter 8: Agustin de Iturbide and the Process of Consensus Chapter 9: The Struggle for Dominance: The Legislature versus the Executive in Early Mexico Bibliography