This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened racial and economic disparities.
Robert D. Bullard is the Ware Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University. He is the author of thirteen books that address sustainable development, environmental racism, urban land use, industrial facility siting, community reinvestment, housing, transportation, and smart growth. His most recent book is entitled Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice and Regional Equity (MIT Press 2007).
Chapter 1 Introduction: The Significance of Race and Place Chapter 2 The Black Metropolis in the Era of Sprawl Chapter 3 Structural Racism and Spatial Jim Crow Chapter 4 Residential Apartheid America Style Chapter 5 Dilemma of Place and Suburbanization of the Black Middle Class Chapter 6 Walling In or Walling Out: Gated Communities Chapter 7 Spatial Mismatch and Job Sprawl Chapter 8 Atlanta: A Black Mecca? Chapter 9 Black New Orleans: Before and After Hurricane Katrina Chapter 10 Health Disparities in Black Los Angeles Chapter 11 Black Political Power in the New Century Chapter 12 Achieving Equitable Development