This comprehensive volume contains many of the most important texts in western political and social thought from the sixteenth to the end of the nineteenth centuries. A number of key works, including Machiavelli's The Prince, Locke's Second Treatise, and Rousseau's The Social Contract, are included in their entirety. Alongside these central readings are a diverse range of texts from authors such as Mary Wollstonecraft, Sojourner Truth, and Henry David Thoreau. The editors have made every effort to include translations that are both readable and reliable. Each selection has been painstakingly annotated, and each figure is given a substantial introduction highlighting his or her major contributions within the tradition. The result is a ground-breaking anthology with unparalleled pedagogical benefits.
Andrew Bailey, University of Guelph. Samantha Brennan, University of Western Ontario. Will Kymlicka, Queen's University. Jacob Levy, McGill University. Alex Sager, Portland State University. Clark Wolf, Iowa State University.
Preface NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI The Prince (1513) from Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius (1512-1517) MARTIN LUTHER from Temporal Authority: To What Extent It Should Be Obeyed (1523) JOHN CALVIN from On Civil Government (1534) THOMAS HOBBES from Leviathan (1660) JOHN LOCKE The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690) from A Letter Concerning Toleration (1689) MARY ASTELL from Some Reflections upon Marriage (1700) MONTESQUIEU from The Spirit of the Laws, Part 2, Book 11 (1748) DAVID HUME from A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740) from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) Of the Original Contract (1748) JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men (1755) On the Social Contract or Principles of Political Right (1762) ADAM SMITH from The Wealth of Nations (1776) IMMANUEL KANT from Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) To Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch (1795) THOMAS JEFFERSON The Declaration of Independence (1776) ALEXANDER HAMILTON and JAMES MADISON The Federalist No. 9 (1787) The Federalist No. 10 (1787) The Federalist No. 51 (1788) The Federalist No. 78 (1788) OLYMPE DE GOUGES from Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791) MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) EDMUND BURKE from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) from On "Geographical Morality" (1788) BENJAMIN CONSTANT The Liberty of Ancients Compared with that of Moderns (1816) GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL from The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) from Philosophy of Right (1821) JEREMY BENTHAM from An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1780) Offences against One's Self: Paederasty, Part 1 (1785) from Panopticon; or the Inspection-House (1789) JOHN STUART MILL from On Liberty (1859) from Considerations on Representative Government (1861) from Utilitarianism (1863) from The Subjection of Women (1869) HARRIET (HARDY) TAYLOR MILL from The Enfranchisement of Women (1851) SOJOURNER TRUTH Speech Delivered at the Akron, Ohio Convention on Women's Rights (1851) ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE from Democracy in America (1840) HENRY DAVID THOREAU from Civil Disobedience (1849) KARL MARX and FRIEDRICH ENGELS On Bruno Bauer's On the Jewish Question (1843) On Bruno Bauer's The Capacity for the Present-day Jews and Christians to Become Free (1843) from Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (1844) from The German Ideology (1845) Theses On Feuerbach (1845) The Communist Manifesto (1848) Critique of the Gotha Program (1875) FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE from Beyond Good and Evil (1886) from On the Genealogy of Morals (1887)