This is the third volume of a projected five-volume series charting the causes of war from 3000 BCE to the present day, written by a leading international lawyer, and using as its principal materials the documentary history of international law, largely in the form of treaties and the negotiations which led up to them. These volumes seek to show why millions of people, over thousands of years, slew each other. In departing from the various theories put forward by historians, anthropologists and psychologists, Gillespie offers a different taxonomy of the causes of war, focusing on the broader settings of politics, religion, migrations and empire-building. These four contexts were dominant and often overlapping justifications during the first four thousand years of human civilisation, for which written records exist.
Alexander Gillespie is Professor of Law at the University of Waikato, New Zealand.
I. Introduction 1. The Conversation on Sunday Afternoon 2. Utopia 3. Facts 4. Casus Belli in Practice 5. This Volume II. Crowns, Dynasty and Territory 1. Introduction 2. The Hundred Years' War 3. The Wars of the Roses 7 4. The Wars for the Expansion of France 5. The Italian Wars 6. Conclusion III. Religious Wars in Europe: The Beginning 1. Introduction 2. The Absolute Power of the Pope 3. The Hussite Wars 4. Albert II, Frederick III and Maximilian I 5. Martin Luther 6. The Peasants' War 7. The Influence of Luther 8. War in Germany 9. The Peace of Augsburg 10. Conclusion IV. Religion and Power in England 1. Introduction 2. Henry VIII 3. Edward VI 4. Mary Tudor 5. Elizabeth I 6. James I/VI 7. Conclusion V. The Wars of Religion in France 1. Introduction 2. The Huguenots 3. Conclusion VI. The Rise of the Dutch Republic 1. Introduction 2. A Legacy of Autonomy 3. William of Orange 4. The Act of Abjuration 5. Philip III and the Twelve Years' Truce 6. Conclusion VII. The Culmination: The Thirty Years' War 1. Introduction 2. The Irony 3. Rudolf II 4. The Rebellion in Bohemia 5. Frederick V 6. Containing the War 7. The Expanding War: Denmark 8. The Expanding War: Sweden 9. The Expanding War: France 10. The Peace of Westphalia 11. Rethinking War: Cruce, Sully and Grotius 12. Conclusion VIII. The English Civil War 1. Introduction 2. Charles I 3. The First Civil War 4. The Second Civil War 5. Conclusion IX. Eastern Europe 1. Introduction 2. Poland and Lithuania 3. Russia 4. Conclusion X. The New World 1. Introduction 2. Precedents 3. The New World 4. The Requirement 5. England and the New World 6. The Colonies in North America 7. Slavery 8. Conclusion XI. The Muslim World 1. Introduction 2. Inter-Family Wars and Coups 3. Inter-Islam Wars: Sunni v Sunni 4. Inter-Islam Wars: Sunni v Shia 5. Muslim and Christian Wars 6. Conclusion XII. Asia 1. Introduction 2. The Ming and Their Neighbours 3. The Imjin War 4. The Qing 5. Conclusion XIII. Conclusion