What has become of the Communist parties that once held monopoly power in the east bloc? A decade ago, it was assumed that they would dissolve, but many of them have enjoyed electoral success. This book systematically examines how they have evolved. In the opening section, Herbert Kitschet and Ivan Szelenyi respectively consider post-communist party strategies and social democratic prospects in the transitional societies. Part II presents nine case studies of the major communist and communist successor parties of the region, and Part III is devoted to seven comparative studies. Appendices provide comparable electoral and party membership data.
1. Introduction and Theoretical Framework, Andras Bozoki and John T. Ishiyama; Part I: Approaches; 2. Constraints and Opportunities in the Strategic Conduct of Post-Communist Successor Parties: Herbert Kitschel; 3. Prospects and Limits of New Social Democracy in the Transitional Societies of Central Europe, Janos Ladanyi and Ivan Szelenyi; Part II: Case Studies; 4. The Polish SLD in the 1990s: From Opposition to Incumbents and Back, Radoslaw Markowski; 5. The Hungarian Socialists: Technocratic Modernizationism or New Social Democracy? Andras Bozoki; 6. The Troubled Evolution of Slovakia's Ex-Communists, Sharon Fisher; 7. The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Since 1989, Sean Hanley; 8. The PDS: A Regional Party or a Second German Social Democratic Party? Dieter Segert; 9. Romania's Post-Communist Parties, Alina Mungiu-Pippidi; 10. The Yugoslav "Left" Parties, Srbobran Brankovic; 11. The Metamorphosis of the Communist Party of Lithuania, Diana Janusauskiene; 12. The Russian KPRF: The Powerlessness of the Powerful, Richard Sakwa; Part III: Comparative Considerations; 13. A Typology of Communist Successor Parties, John T. Ishiyama; 14. Organization, Ideology, and the Communist Successor Parties in East Central Europe, Daniel F. Ziblatt and Nick Biziouras; 15. The Left and Democratic Consolidation: The Cases of Poland and Hungary, 1990-1997. Valerie Bunce; 16. The Effects of Communist Party Transformation on the Institutionalization of Party Systems, Anna Grzymala-Busse; 17. Changing Cleavage Structure and the Communist Successor Parties in the Visegrad Countries, Michael Bauer; 18. Mainstreaming Extremism: The Romanian PDSR and the Bulgarian Socialists in Comparative Perspective, Jeffrey S. Murer; 19. Organizational Strength Divorced from Power: Comparing the Communist Parties of the Russian Federation and Ukraine, Barbara Chotiner; Part IV: Conclusions; 20. An Unfinished Story: The Transformation of the Communist Successor Parties, John T. Ishiyama and Andras Bozoki