The book examines one of the most debated issues in current international law: to what extent the international legal system has constitutional features comparable to what we find in national law. This question has become increasingly relevant in a time of globalization, where new international institutions and courts are established to address international issues. Constitutionalization beyond the nation state has for many years been discussed in relation to the
European Union. This book asks whether we now see constitutionalization taking place also at the global level.
The book investigates what should be characterized as constitutional features of the current international order, in what way the challenges differ from those at the national level and what could be a proper interaction between different international arrangements as well as between the international and national constitutional level. Finally, it sketches the outlines of what a constitutionalized world order could and should imply. The book is a critical appraisal of constitutionalist ideas and
of their critique. It argues that the reconstruction of the current evolution of international law as a process of constitutionalization -against a background of, and partly in competition with, the verticalization of substantive law and the deformalization and fragmentation of international law-
has some explanatory power, permits new insights and allows for new arguments.
The book thus identifies constitutional trends and challenges in establishing international organisational structures, and designs procedures for standard-setting, implementation and judicial functions.
Jan Klabbers is professor of international organizations law at the University of Helsinki, and Director of the Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in Global Governance Research. Prior to moving to Helsinki in 1996, he taught international law and EU law at the University of Amsterdam, where he also defended his doctoral thesis (with distinction). An award-winning teacher, he has held visiting professorships at the Graduate Institute of International Studies and Development (Geneva, 2008) and Hofstra Law School (New York, 2007). Anne Peters is Professor of Public International Law and Constitutional Law at the University of Basel, a position she has held since 2001. She is visiting professor at Sciences Po, Paris in 2008/09. Prior to taking up the tenured post she was Assistant Professor at the Walther-Schucking-Institute of Public International Law at the Christian Albrechts University Kiel, where she obtained the Habilitation-qualification on the basis of her Habilitation-Thesis "Elemente einer Theorie der Verfassung Europas " (Elements of a Theory of the Constitution of Europe). Her research activities cover the field of general public international law, especially its constitutionalization, European constitutional law, constitutional theory and constitutional comparison and national and international human rights. She has published extensively on questions of supranational global governance and global constitutionalism. Geir Ulfstein is professor of international law at the Department of Public and International Law, University of Oslo. He is dr. juris (Oslo 1995) and has acted as a judge in Norway. He has been Vice-Dean for Research and leader of the Committee to prepare Master of Law studies at the Law Faculty of the University of Oslo. He is deputy director of the Norwegian Branch of the International Law Association. He was director of the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo, 2004-08. His research is on the law of the sea, international environmental law, human rights and the law of international institutions.
1. Setting the Scene ; 2. Institutions and Competences ; 3. Law-making and Constitutionalism ; 4. The International Judiciary ; 5. Membership in the Global Constitutional Community ; 6. Dual Democracy ; 7. Conclusions