In modern times there have been studies of the Roman Republican institutions as a whole as well as in-depth analyses of the senate, the popular assemblies, the tribunate of the plebs, the aedileship, the praetorship and the censorship. However, the consulship, the highest magistracy of the Roman Republic, has not received the same attention from scholars. The purpose of this book is to analyse the tasks that consuls performed in the civil sphere during their term of office between the years 367 and 50 BC, using the preserved ancient sources as its basis. In short, it is a study of the consuls 'at work', both within and outside the city of Rome, in such varied fields as religion, diplomacy, legislation, jurisdiction, colonisation, elections, and day-to-day politics. Clearly and accessibly written, it will provide an indispensable reference work for all scholars and students of the history of the Roman Republic.
Francisco Pina Polo is Professor of Ancient History at the Departamento Ciencias Antiguedad at the Universidad de Zaragoza. He is co-editor of Coloquios de Historia Antigua Universidad de Zaragoza (I, 2001; II, 2003; III, 2005; IV, 2007; V, 2009), and recent books include Marco Tulio Ciceron (2005).
Introduction; Part I. The Consular Functions in the Pre-Sullan Age (367-81): 1. The consuls taking office; 2. Consuls and civic religion; 3. Consuls, the agents of diplomacy in the Roman state; 4. Communication between consuls and the people: edicts and contiones; 5. Consuls as legislators; 6. The jurisdiction of the consuls; 7. Consuls as promoters of public works; 8. Colonization and distribution of land; 9. Appointment of a dictator; 10. Consuls presiding over elections; 11. The consular year in the pre-Sullan age; Part II. The Consular Functions in the Post-Sullan Age (80-50): 12. The supposed lex Cornelia de provinciis ordinandis and the presence of consuls in Rome in the post-Sullan period; 13. Consular functions from the year 80 to 50; 14. The consular year in the post-Sullan period; 15. Conclusion.