This study contends that Elihu and his speeches are an original part of the text of the "Book of Job" and do play a significant interpretive, explanatory and theological role. This study addresses the following questions: Who is Elihu, are these chapters an integral part of the "Book', and why is he critical to our understanding of the argument of the "Book of Job"; 'Does Elihu advance the argument of the "Book" beyond the thinking of the three friends and of Job as a bridge to God?'; 'What special contribution does Elihu make to the principle of suffering or to understanding God during suffering?' and Does Elihu hold to a different attitude toward the doctrine of retribution than Job and the three friends? Many commentators state that Elihu makes no original contribution to the book, and is nothing more than a fourth critic of a suffering man. Others even go so far as to contend that these six chapters were added at a later date for transitional purposes.
However, six chapters (Job 32-37), covering four separate speeches (32:6-33:33; 34:1-37; 35:1-16; 36:1-37:24) by a young 'wise man' named Elihu, seem to hold an exceptionally important position in the overall argument of the "Book of Job".