Thirteen essays by scholars from seven countries discuss the political use and abuse of history in the recent decades with particular focus on Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia as case studies). The volume also includes articles on Germany, Japan and Turkey providing a valuable comparative dimension. The main focus is on new conditions of political utilization of history in a postcommunist context characterized by lack of censorship and political pluralism. The phenomenon of history politics became extremely visible in Central and Eastern Europe in the past decade, and remains central for political agenda in many countries of the regions. Each essay is a case study contributing to the knowledge about collective memory and political use of history, and each offers a new theoretical twist. The studies look at actors (from political parties to individual historians), institutions (museums, institutes of national remembrance, special political commissions),methods, political rationale and motivations behind this phenomenon.
Miller is Professor at CEU, Budapest, Hungary Lipman is Editor-in-Chief of Pro et Contra Quarterly, Carnegie Foundation, Moscow office
Contents: Alexei Miller: Introduction. Historical Politics: Eastern European Convolutions in the 21st Century Stefan Berger: German History Politics and the National Socialist Past Dariusz Stola: Poland's Institute of National Remembrance: A Ministry of Memory? Maciej Janowski: Jedwabne, July 10, 1941: Debating the History of a Single Day Gabor Gyani: The Memory of Trianon as a Political Instrument in Hungary Today Alexander Astrov: Georgiy The 'Politics of History' as a Case of Foreign-Policy Making Kasianov: The 'Nationalization' of History in Ukraine Andrei Cusco: The 'Politics of Memory' and 'Historical Policy' in Post-Soviet Moldova John-Paul Himka: Interventions: Challenging the Myths of Twentieth-Century Ukrainian History Diana Dumitru: Caught Between History and Politics: The Experience of a Moldovan Historian Studying the Holocaust Alexei Miller: The Turns of Russian Historical Politics, from Perestroika to 2011 *ener Akturk: Politics of History in Turkey: Revisionist Historiography's Challenge to the Official Version of the Turkish War of Independence Jeff Kingston: The Politics of History in Contemporary Japan List of Contributors Index