Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land-including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.
S.J. Allen is Associate Lecturer in Arts and Humanities at The Open University, UK. Emilie Amt is the Hildegarde Pilgram Professor of History at Hood College, Maryland.
Acknowledgments Preface to the Second Edition Introduction I. Background and Origins 1. The Pilgrimage of Etheria 2. Augustine of Hippo on the Just War 3. The Qur'an 4. al-Baladhuri on Early Muslim Conquests 5. The Pact of Omar 6. Early Indulgences 7. Ibnu Hayyan on Warfare in Spain 8. The Song of Roland 9. Declaration of the Truce of God 10. Matthew of Edessa on the Seljuk Conquests 11. Gregory VII's Call for Assistance to the Greeks II. The First Crusade 12. Urban II's Call for a Crusade 13. Albert of Aachen on the Peasants' Crusade 14. Solomon bar Samson on the Massacres of Jews 15. Anna Comnena's Alexiad 16. The Deeds of the Franks 17. Letter of Stephen of Blois 18. Anselm of Ribemont on Events at Antioch 19. Ralph of Caen on Divisions among the Crusaders 20. Raymond of Aguilers on the Fall of Jerusalem 21. Letter of Pope Paschal on the Capture of Jerusalem 22 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad 23. Abu l-Muzaffar al-Abiwardi on the Fall of Jerusalem III. The Crusader States 24. William of Tyre's History 25. Fulcher of Chartres's History 26. Venetian Treaty 27. Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem 28. The Travels of Saewulf 29. John of W rzburg's Pilgrim Guide 30. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr 31. Memoirs of Usamah Ibn Munqidh 32. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela IV. The Second and Third Crusades 33. Ibn al-Qalanisi on Zengi and Nur ad-Din 34. Ibn al-Athir on the Fall of Edessa 35. Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux 36. Bernard of Clairvaux: In Praise of the New Knighthood 37. The Rule of the Templars 38. Odo of Deuil: The Journey of Louis VII to the East 39. John Kinnamos: The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus 40. Analyses of the Second Crusade 41. Baha ad-Din's Life of Saladin 42. Imad ad-Din on the Battle of Hattin 43. Roger of Wendover on the Fall of Jerusalem 44. Letters on the Fall of Jerusalem 45. Taxation and Regulations for the Third Crusade 46. Islamic Accounts of the Treatment of Prisoners 47. Accounts of the Third Crusade V. Setting Out and Returning Home 48. Gerald of Wales on Preaching a Crusade 49. Privileges and Indulgences 50. Personal Arrangements 51. Liturgy for Pilgrims and Crusaders 52. Financial Accounts 53. Travel Information 54. Accounts of Crusader Homecomings 55. Thomas of Froidmont, The Adventures of Margaret of Beverly, a Woman Crusader 56. Crusading Songs VI. The Age of Innocent III 57. Letters of Innocent III 58. Accounts of the Fourth Crusade 59. Documents on the Sack of Constantinople 60. Bernard of Gui's Manual for Inquisitors 61. William of Tudela's Song of the Cathar Wars 62. Accounts of the Children's Crusade 63. Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council 64. Oliver of Paderborn on the Fifth Crusade VII. Crusades of the Holy Roman Empire 65. Charter to German Settlers 66. Poem Describing Cistercian Settlement 67. Proclamations of Northern European Crusades 68. Helmold's Chronicle of the Slavs 69. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia 70. The Rule of the Teutonic Knights 71. Nikolaus von Jeroschin on the Prussian Crusades 72. Philip of Novara on Frederick II's Crusade 73. Frederick II on His Taking of Jerusalem and Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi's Recording of the Event 74. Responses to Frederick II's Crusade VIII. Conflict and Coexistence in Spain 75. Chronicle of the Cid 76. The Conquest of Lisbon 77. Alfonso VIII's Report on Las Navas de Tolosa 78. Muslim-Christian Treaty 79. Moorish Laws 80. Christian Laws 81. Constitutions of the Order of Merced 82. Expulsion of the Jews from Spain 83. Abu Abdilla Mohammed on the Expulsion of the Muslims IX. Crusades at the Crossroads 84. Joinville's Life of St. Louis 85. Matthew Paris on the Shepherds' Crusade 86. Ibn Al-Athir on the Mongol Invasion 87. Ibn 'Abd al-Zahir's Biography of Baybars 88. Ludolph von Suchem on the Fall of Acre and Its Aftermath 89. Humbert of Romans on Criticisms of Crusading 90. Ramon Lull's Plan to Convert the Muslims 91. Order for the Arrest of the Templars and Papal Bull Suppressing the Templars 92. John Mandeville on Prester John 93. Letters between Pope Innocent IV and Guyuk Khan 94. Johann Schiltberger on the Nicopolis Crusade 95. Kritovoulos on the Fall of Constantinople 96. Pius II's Commentaries 97. Erasmus On the War against the Turks X. Modern Perceptions of the Crusades 98. David Hume on the Crusades 99. Edward Gibbon's Evaluation of the Crusades 100. William Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Sonnets 101. Michaud, History of the Crusades 102. William Hillary's Call for a New Crusade 103. Sayyid 'Ali Hariri's Book of the Splendid Stories of the Crusades 104. World War I Political Cartoons 105. Sayyid Qutb's Social Justice in Islam and Muhammad Asad's Islam at the Crossroads 106. The Hamas Covenant 107. Pope John Paul II's Statements about Past Christian Actions 108. Crusading Rhetoric after 9/11 109. Modern Use of Images of Saladin 110. Umej Bhatia's Analysis of the Crusades and Modern Muslim Memory Sources Index of Topics