The Culture of Japanese Fascism (Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society)

The Culture of Japanese Fascism (Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society)

By: Alan Tansman (editor)Hardback

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Description

This bold collection of essays demonstrates the necessity of understanding fascism in cultural terms rather than only or even primarily in terms of political structures and events. Contributors from history, literature, film, art history, and anthropology describe a culture of fascism in Japan in the decades preceding the end of the Asia-Pacific War. In so doing, they challenge past scholarship, which has generally rejected descriptions of pre-1945 Japan as fascist. The contributors explain how a fascist ideology was diffused throughout Japanese culture via literature, popular culture, film, design, and everyday discourse. Alan Tansman's introduction places the essays in historical context and situates them in relation to previous scholarly inquiries into the existence of fascism in Japan.Several contributors examine how fascism was understood in the 1930s by, for example, influential theorists, an antifascist literary group, and leading intellectuals responding to capitalist modernization. Others explore the idea that fascism's solution to alienation and exploitation lay in efforts to beautify work, the workplace, and everyday life. Still others analyze the realization of and limits to fascist aesthetics in film, memorial design, architecture, animal imagery, a military museum, and a national exposition. Contributors also assess both manifestations of and resistance to fascist ideology in the work of renowned authors including the Nobel-prize-winning novelist and short-story writer Kawabata Yasunari and the mystery writers Edogawa Ranpo and Hamao Shiro. In the work of these final two, the tropes of sexual perversity and paranoia open a new perspective on fascist culture. This volume makes Japanese fascism available as a critical point of comparison for scholars of fascism worldwide. The concluding essay models such work by comparing Spanish and Japanese fascisms. Contributors. Noriko Aso, Michael Baskett, Kim Brandt, Nina Cornyetz, Kevin M. Doak, James Dorsey, Aaron Gerow, Harry Harootunian, Marilyn Ivy, Angus Lockyer, Jim Reichert, Jonathan Reynolds, Ellen Schattschneider, Aaron Skabelund, Akiko Takenaka, Alan Tansman, Richard Torrance, Keith Vincent, Alejandro Yarza

About Author

Alan Tansman is Professor of East Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of The Writings of Koda Aya: A Japanese Literary Daughter and a co-editor of Studies in Modern Japanese Literature. Marilyn Ivy is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University. She is the author of Discourses of the Vanishing: Modernity, Phantasm, Japan. Marilyn Ivy is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University.

Contents

Foreword: Fascism, Yet? / Marilyn Ivy vii Introduction: The Culture of Japanese Fascism / Alan Tansman 1 Part I: Theories of Japanese Fascism Fascism Seen and Unseen: Fascism as a Problem in Cultural Representation / Kevin M. Doak 31 The People's Library: The Spirit of Prose Literature versus Fascism / Richard Torrance 56 Constitutive Ambiguities: The Persistence of Modernism and Fascism in Japan's Modern History / Harry Harrotunian 80 Part II: Fascism and Daily Life On the Beauty of Labor: Imagine Factory Girls in Japan's New World Order / Kim Brandt 115 Mediating the Masses: Yanagi Soetsu and Fascism / Noriko Aso 138 Fascism's Furry Friends: Dogs, National Identity, and the Purity of Blood in 1930s Japan / Aaron Skabelund 155 Part III: Exhibiting Fascism Narrating the Nation-ality of a Cinema: The Case of Japanese Prewar Film / Aaron Gerow 185 All Beautiful Fascists?: Axis Film Culture in Imperial Japan / Michael Baskett 212 Architecture for Mass-Mobilization: The Chureito Memorial Design Competition, 1939-1945 / Akiko Takenaka 235 Japan's Imperial Diet Building in the Debate over Construction of a National Identity / Jonathan M. Reynolds 254 Expo Fascism?: Ideology, Representation, Economy / Angus Lockyer 276 The Work of Sacrifice in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: Bride Dolls and the Enigma of Fascist Aesthetics at Yasukuni Shrine / Ellen Schattschneider 296 Part IV: Literary Fascism Fascist Aesthetics and the Politics of Representation in Kawabata Yasunari / Nina Cornyetz 321 Disciplining the Erotic-Grotesque in Edogawa Ranpo's Demon of the Lonely Isle / Jim Reichert 355 Hamaosociality: Narrative and Fascism in Hamao Shiro's The Devil's Disciple / Keith Vincent 381 Literary Tropes, Rhetorical Looping, and the Nine Gods of War: "Fascist Proclivities" Made Real / James Dorsey 409 Part V: Concluding Essay The Spanish Perspective: Romancero Marroqui and the Francoist Kitsch Politics of Time / Alejandro Yarza 435 Contributors 451

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822344520
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 496
  • ID: 9780822344520
  • ISBN10: 0822344521

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