The role of the poet, Mary Kinzie writes, is to engage the most profound subjects with the utmost in expressive clarity. The role of the critic is to follow the poet, word for word, into the arena where the creative struggle occurs. How this mutual purpose is served, ideally and practically, is the subject of this bracingly polemical collection of essays. A distinguished poet and critic, Kinzie assesses poetry's situation during the past twenty-five years. Ours, she contends, is literally a prosaic age, not only in the popularity of prose genres but in the resultant compromises with truth and elegance in literature. In essays on "the rhapsodic fallacy," confessionalism, and the romance of perceptual response, Kinzie diagnoses some of the trends that diminish the poet's flexibility. Conversely, she also considers individual poets--Randall Jarrell, Elizabeth Bishop, Howard Nemerov, Seamus Heaney, and John Ashbery--who have found ingenious ways of averting the risks of prosaism and preserving the special character of poetry. Focusing on poet Louise Bogan and novelist J. M.
Coetzee, Kinzie identifies a crucial and curative overlap between the practices of great prose-writing and great poetry. In conclusion, she suggests a new approach for teaching writers of poetry and fiction. Forcefully argued, these essays will be widely read and debated among critics and poets alike.
Mary Kinzieis a poet and critic. She is professor of English and director of creative writing at Northwestern University, where she teaches poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction. She is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship in Poetry and the Folger Shakespeare Library's O. B. Hardison Poetry Award.
Acknowledgments Introduction: The Level of Words 1: The Rhapsodic Fallacy 2: Three Essays on Confession I: Pure Feeling II: Pure Pain III: Applied Poetry 3: A New Sweetness: Randall Jarrell and Elizabeth Bishop 4: The Romance of the Perceptual: The Legacy of Wallace Stevens 5: The Signatures of Things: On Howard Nemerov 6: Deeper Than Declared: On Seamus Heaney 7: "Irreference": On John Ashbery 8: The Cure of Poetry Conclusion: The Poet's Calling: On a New Model of Literary Apprenticeship Notes Index