In 1974 the Greek colonels ousted the Greek-Cypriot leader of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios, and Turkey retaliated by invading and seizing a third of the island. Cyprus remains split in two, like Berlin before the wall came down, bristling with troops and spying bases, and permanently policed by the United Nations. Henry Kissinger claimed he could do nothing to stop the coup because of the Watergate crisis, but this book presents evidence to support the view that it was no failure of American foreign policy, but the realization of a long-term plot. The authors describe the strategic reasons for Washington's need to divide the island. Their account encompasses an international cast of characters that includes Eden, Eisenhower, Nixon, Kissinger, Wilson, Callaghan, Grivas, and the leaders of the two halves of the divided island, Clerides and Denktas.
Brendan O'Malley is Foreign Editor of the Times Educational Supplement and Ian Craig is Political Editor of the Manchester Evening News.
Strategic prize - Britain's vital military base; the enemy within - the rise of the Enosis campaign; the secret alliance -Eden stokes Turkish violence; military crackdown - Harding gets tough; hamstrung at Suez - Grivas sabotages military preparations; Macmillan's pact - Eisenhower deal frees Makarios; sounding the retreat - NATO allowed to mediate; North Atlantic agenda -Eisenhower rejects the Macmillan plan; pax americana - the settlement secures NATO ties; a sham independence - the unsinkable aircraft-carrier; constitutional collapse - the bloodbath begins; America's secret option - a limited invasion; a crude partition -the British defend Turkish enclaves; the NATO plot - plans to split Cyprus; fallen allies - Grivas risks war; the "red priest" -assassination target; crisis of trust - spying bases at risk; the invisible hand - the Greek colonels oust Makarios; searching questions - Kissinger and Callaghan are cross-examined; warnings of a coup - the CIA knew in advance; Washington stalls - Britain sends a task force; America's veto - Kissinger blocks military deterrent; the Turkish landing - Britain on the brink of war; a creeping invasion - talks at Geneva; the road to war - Kissinger over-rules Callaghan; to the Attila Line - US pressure contains the advances; sabotaged by Congress - the bitter legacy lives on; appendix - interview with Henry Kissinger.