Why was there such a far-reaching consensus concerning the utopian goal of national homogeneity in the first half of the twentieth century? Ethnic cleansing is analyzed here as a result of the formation of democratic nation-states, the international order based on them, and European modernity in general. Almost all mass-scale population removals were rationally and precisely organized and carried out in cold blood, with revenge, hatred and other strong emotions playing only a minor role. This book not only considers the majority of population removals which occurred in Eastern Europe, but is also an encompassing, comparative study including Western Europe, interrogating the motivations of Western statesmen and their involvement in large-scale population removals. It also reaches beyond the European continent and considers the reverberations of colonial rule and ethnic cleansing in the former British colonies.
Philipp Ther holds a Chair of Central European History at the University of Vienna and was previously Professor of European History at the EUI in Florence. He has published and edited several books on ethnic cleansing, including Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe 1944-1948 (co-edited with A. Siljak; Rowman and Littlefield 2001) and Robbery and Restitution: The Conflict Over Jewish Property in Europe (co-edited with M. Dean and C. Goschler, Berghahn 2007). The German version of The Dark Side of Nation States has won several awards in Poland and Germany.
IntroductionPART I: SETTING THE GROUNDChapter 1. Preconditions of Ethnic CleansingPART II: PHASES AND AGENTS OF ETHNIC CLEANSINGChapter 2. Ethnic Cleansing as an Instrument of International Politics (1912-25)Chapter 3. Total War and Total Cleansings (1938-44)Chapter 4. A Clean New Order in Europe (1944-50)PART III: GHOSTS OF THE PASTChapter 5. The former Yugoslavia and the Caucasus (1991-99)Conclusion and Historical TypologyAcknowledgmentsAnnotated Bibliography