Organized to follow the workflow of an architect or interior designer, this book introduces tools for busy practitioners to find and apply research for their design projects. Tools for planning, executing, and ultilizing research are presented in an easily followed format along with case studies, sources, and applications. While other books on design research are written by PhD-level researchers for an academic setting, this book offers an accessible format specifically for practitioners.
Sally Augustin, PhD, is a practicing environmental psychologist, a principal at Design with Science, and the editor of Research Design Connections. She is regularly invited to speak at schools, research institutions, conferences, and on National Public Radio. Sally is the author of Place Advantage: Applied Psychology for Interior Architecture (Wiley). Learn more about using environmental psychology at Sally's websites, www.placecoach.com (for residential applications), www.designwithscience.com (for commercial applications), and www.researchdesignconnections.com. Cindy Coleman is a design strategist with Gensler and the editor of the Interior Design Handbook of Professional Practice (published by Interior Design magazine and McGraw-Hill). She is an assistant professor in the Architecture, Interior Architecture, and Designed Objects Department at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago and a contributing editor to both Interior Design magazine and the Chicago chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA Chicago) journal, Chicago Architect.
Foreword: The Necessity for Research vii Acknowledgments ix Introduction: Before You Do Design Research xi Research versus Insight xiii The Research/Design Relationship xiv Why This Book? xv Why Research? xvii Design as Research xviii Knowing xxii Thinking and Knowing xxvi A Scientific Method xxix Asking the Right Questions xxx Chapter 1 Design Research and Its Influence on the Practice of Design 1 Generalizing Design Thinking 1 Design Research as a Means for Attraction and Retention 3 Design Research as a Means for Social Reform 3 Design Research as a Response to the Need for Design Speed 3 Design Research to Build a Sustainable Knowledge Base 4 Design Research to Gain Understanding of Cultural Distinctions 5 Design Research as a Source of Value 6 Core Concepts 6 Endnotes 7 A Story of Practice: Making the Implicit Explicit 8 Chapter 2 Researching: Context, Process, General Concepts 19 Economic Context of Design and Research 19 Design Process 22 Research Process 23 Good Research 25 Owning the Information 29 Planning and Organizing a Project-Specific Comprehensive Research Plan 30 Overview of Types of Research 32 Differences in Types of Research: Applied or Theoretical 33 Comparing Research Tools 34 Merits of Using Several Different Research Tools to Answer Any Research Question 40 Core Concepts 40 Endnotes 42 Chapter 3 What to Learn 43 Informing Design-Related Change 43 Design-Project-Based Information Gathering 46 Social-Science-Based Information Needs 51 Core Concepts 77 Endnotes 78 Chapter 4 The Goals of Project Initiation 81 Research for Competitive Advantage 81 Secondary Information 84 Peer-Reviewed Studies 87 Literature Reviews 88 Within-Firm Archival Research 100 Experience Sampling Method 100 Design Charettes 109 Endnotes 113 A Story of Practice: A Research-Based Marketing Strategy 114 Chapter 5 The Goals of Investigation 125 Research as a Process of Discovering a Client s Needs 125 Interviews 127 Cognitive Mapping 142 Repertory Grid 144 Annotated Plans 147 Content Analysis Verbal Material 148 Content Analysis Visual 152 Surveys 156 Public Parks Survey 173 Endnotes 176 A Story of Practice: It Starts with Programming 177 Chapter 6 The Goals of Integration in Schematic Design 189 How Research Informs the Schematic Design Process 189 Research Shapes Refining the Design Strategy 191 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 193 Behavior Mapping 196 Observation 199 Space Syntax 217 Social Network Analysis 218 Discussion Groups 218 Space Simulation 228 Experiments 232 A Story of Practice: Schematic Design 236 A Story of Practice: Design Development 244 Endnotes 266 Chapter 7 The Goals of Implementation 255 How Research Informs the Post-Occupancy Evaluation (POE) 255 Post-Occupancy Evaluations 257 Case Studies 262 A Story of Practice: Post-Occupancy Evaluation 267 Endnotes 290 Chapter 8 How to Maintain and Access Research Findings 283 Raw Resources 285 Organizational System 287 Additional Considerations 288 Core Concepts 289 Endnote 292 Conclusion: Doing Design Research 291 Additional Sources of Information for Design Researchers 293 Index 295