In this classic collection, some of the world's most eminent critics of development review the key concepts of the development discourse.
Each essay examines one concept from a historical and anthropological point of view, highlights its particular bias, and exposes its historical obsolescence and intellectual sterility. The authors argue that a bidding farewell to the whole Eurocentric development idea is urgently needed, in order to liberate people's minds in both North and South for bold responses to the environmental and ethical challenges now confronting humanity.
The combined result forms a must-read invitation to experts, grassroots movements and students of development to recognize the tainted glasses they put on whenever they participate in the development discourse.
Wolfgang Sachs is an author and research director at the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, in Germany. He has been chair of the board of Greenpeace Germany, a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and is a member of the Club of Rome. Amongst the various appointments he has held are co-editor of the Society for International Development's journal Development; visiting professor of science, technology and society at Pennsylvania State University and fellow at the Institute for Cultural Studies in Essen. He regularly teaches at Schumacher College and as Honorary Professor at the University of Kassel. Wolfgang Sachs's first English book, For Love of the Automobile: Looking Back into the History of Our Desires, was published by the University of California Press in 1992. Several of his works have been published by Zed Books. They include the immensely influential Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power (edited, 1992), which has since been translated into numerous languages; Global Ecology: A New Arena of Political Conflict (edited, 1993); Greening the North: A Post-Industrial Blueprint for Ecology and Equity (co-authored with Reinhard Loske and Manfred Linz, 1998); Planet Dialectics: Explorations in Environment and Development (1999) and (with T. Santarius et al) Fair Future: Resource Conflicts, Security, and Global Justice (2007).
Introduction - Wolfgang Sachs 1. Development - Gustavo Esteva 2. Environment - Wolfgang Sachs 3. Equality - C. Douglas Lummis 4. Helping - Marianne Gronemeyer 5. Market - Gerard Berthoud 6. Needs - Ivan Illich 7. One World - Wolfgang Sachs 8. Participation - Majid Rahnema 9. Planning - Arturo Escobar 10. Population - Barbara Duden 11. Poverty - Majid Rahnema 12. Production - Jean Robert 13. Progress - Jose Maria Sbert 14. Resources - Vandana Shiva 15. Science - Claude Alvares 16. Socialism - Harry Cleaver 17. Standard of Living - Serge Latouche 18. State - Ashis Nandy 19. Technology - Otto Ullrich