This book focuses on the history and development of criminological thought from the pre-Enlightenment period to the present and offers a detailed and chronological overview of competing theoretical perspectives in criminology in their social and political context.
This book covers:
A discussion of how major theorists came to espouse their ideas and how the social context of the time influenced the development criminological thought;
An exploration of the scientific method and the way in which theories are tested;
Details of the origins of each theory as well as their recent developments in scholarship and research;
Comparative and international research in theory;
The empirical support for theory and the relationship between research and policy;
Biosocial and developmental criminology, including the biosocial underpinnings of criminal behavior and the influence of neuroscience and brain psychology;
Theoretical applications for explaining different crime types, such as genocide, white-collar crime, and environmental crime;
A summary of the current state of criminological knowledge and a vision for the future of criminology.
The book includes lists of further reading and chapter summaries, and is supported by timelines of key works and events. This book is essential reading for courses on criminological theory, criminal behaviour, criminal psychology and biosocial criminology.
Chad Posick is Assistant Professor at the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, Georgia Southern University, USA.
Introduction 1. Science, Theory, and Empirical Investigation 2. Pre-Enlightenment Theories 3. Lombroso and Early Biological Theories 4. The City and Social Disorganization Theories 5. Anomie and Strain Theories 6. Differential Association and Social Learning Theories 7. Labeling and Critical Criminology 8. Social and Self-Control Theories 9. Deterrence and Rational Choice Theories 10. Developmental Criminology 11. Biosocial Criminology 12. Criminology in International Perspective 13. Theory and Various Crime Types 14. Crime and Victimization 15. The Future of Criminological Theory Appendix I. Important Criminological Works 1700 - Today Appendix II. Important World Events 1700 - Today References Index