This book examines how socioeconomic and institutional factors shaped the development of Socialism and its two contending variants of Social Democracy and Communism, investigating why each of these factions enjoyed varying levels of popularity in different societies between 1840 and 1945. It places a special focus on a number of factors including: inequality; industrialization; urbanization; political freedoms; literacy and education; national sentiments; ethnic fractionalization and other cultural factors.
This important study offers a detailed and thorough analysis combining theory, empirical data and a number of important case studies reflecting the different dimensions of Socialism. It offers perspectives on the strength or lack thereof of Social Democracy and Communism during this period across a number of countries, including, Russia, Germany, Sweden, Britain, France, the United States, China, Mexico and many more.
The work's multi-faceted approach provides a rich and thorough analysis of Socialism during this period with new and valuable insights stemming from its unique combination of historic analysis, political theory and institutional economics.
Mohamed Ismail Sabry is a Postdoctoral Researcher at University of Bremen, Germany. He holds a PhD in Economics from Philipps University of Marburg, Germany. He has worked as a lecturer and teaching assistant in a number of German and Egyptian universities and previously worked as a project assistant for a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) project in Cairo.
Chapter 1. Socialism and the World (1848-1945) Chapter 2. Institutions, Socioeconomic Factors and Ideological Choices: Towards a Theoretical Perspective Chapter 3. The Bastion of Communism: The Case of Russia Chapter 4. Germany Chapter 5. Other World Cases Chapter 6. Conclusion