This book examines the Yugoslavian attempt to adapt Marx's 'Paris Commune' model of participatory democracy to the context of a one-party nation state, particularly with the representational system put in place between 1974 and 1990. It is the only book to examine in depth the attempted integration of worker self-management in the workplace with political representation at the levels of commune, republic and federation. It includes detailed references to many studies in Yugolslav journals, available only in Serbo-Croatian, on the effectiveness of participation in workplaces and local government. The extensive data provides information on self-management, representation, local governments, the league of Communists and other dimensions of the former Yugoslavia. It also provides a critical but positive assessment of the Yugoslav experiment in participatory democracy at workplace and communal levels that has significance beyond the Yugoslav case.