This much revised and expanded edition provides a valuable and detailed summary of the many uses of diatoms in a wide range of applications in the environmental and earth sciences. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of diatoms in analysing ecological problems related to climate change, acidification, eutrophication, and other pollution issues. The chapters are divided into sections for easy reference, with separate sections covering indicators in different aquatic environments. A final section explores diatom use in other fields of study such as forensics, oil and gas exploration, nanotechnology, and archaeology. Sixteen new chapters have been added since the first edition, including introductory chapters on diatom biology and the numerical approaches used by diatomists. The extensive glossary has also been expanded and now includes over 1,000 detailed entries, which will help non-specialists to use the book effectively.
John P. Smol is a Professor in the Department of Biology at Queen's University, Ontario with a cross-appointment at the School of Environmental Studies. He is also co-director of the Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL). Since 1990, he has won over 25 research awards and fellowships, including the 2004 NSERC Herzberg Canada Gold Medal as Canada's top scientist or engineer. Eugene F. Stoermer is a past-President of the Phycological Society of America and the International Association for Diatom Research. He worked at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor since 1965, where he is currently Professor Emeritus in the School of Natural Resources and Environment. He directed the 'phyto-lab', which undertook a wide variety of research topics, specialising in diatom systematics and ecology.
Preface; Part I. Introduction: 1. Applications and uses of diatoms: prologue; 2. The diatoms: a primer; 3. Numerical methods for the analysis of diatom assemblage data; Part II. Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Flowing Waters and Lakes: 4. Assessing environmental conditions in rivers and streams with diatoms; 5. Diatoms as indicators of long-term environmental change in rivers, fluvial lakes and impoundments; 6. Diatoms as indicators of surface-water acidity; 7. Diatoms as indicators of lake eutrophication; 8. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in shallow lakes; 9. Diatoms as indicators of water-level change in freshwater lakes; 10. Diatoms as indicators of hydrologic and climatic change in saline lakes; 11. Diatoms in ancient lakes; Part III. Diatoms as Indicators in Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Lacustrine Environments: 12. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in subarctic and alpine regions; 13. Freshwater diatoms as indicators of environmental change in the High Arctic; 14. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in Antarctic and subantarctic freshwaters; Part IV. Diatoms as Indicators in Marine and Estuarine Environments: 15. Diatoms and environmental change in large brackish-water ecosystems; 16. Applied diatom studies in estuaries and shallow coastal environments; 17. Estuarine paleoenvironmental reconstructions using diatoms; 18. Diatoms on coral reefs and in tropical marine lakes; 19. Diatoms as indicators of former sea levels, earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes; 20. Marine diatoms as indicators of modern changes in oceanographic conditions; 21. Holocene marine diatom records of environmental change; 22. Diatoms as indicators of paleoceanographic events; 23. Reconsidering the meaning of biogenic silica accumulation rates in the glacial Southern Ocean; Part V. Other Applications: 24. Diatoms of aerial habitats; 25. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in wetlands and peatlands; 26. Tracking fish, seabirds, and wildlife population dynamics with diatoms and other limnological indicators; 27. Diatoms and archaeology; 28. Diatoms in oil and gas exploration; 29. Forensic science and diatoms; 30. Toxic marine diatoms; 31. Diatoms as markers of atmospheric transport; 32. Diatoms as nonnative species; 33. Diatomite; 34. Stable isotopes from diatom silica; 35. Diatoms and nanotechnology: early history and imagined future as seen through patents; Part VI. Conclusions: 36. Epilogue: a view to the future; Glossary, acronyms, and abbreviations; Index.