The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education (Wiley Series in Modeling and Simulation)

The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education (Wiley Series in Modeling and Simulation)

By: C. D. Combs (editor), Catherine M. Banks (editor), John A. Sokolowski (editor)Paperback

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A modern guide to computational models and constructive simulation for personalized patient care using the Digital Patient The healthcare industry s emphasis is shifting from merely reacting to disease to preventing disease and promoting wellness. Addressing one of the more hopeful Big Data undertakings, The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education presents a timely resource on the construction and deployment of the Digital Patient and its effects on healthcare, research, and education. The Digital Patient will not be constructed based solely on new information from all the omics fields; it also includes systems analysis, Big Data, and the various efforts to model the human physiome and represent it virtually. The Digital Patient will be realized through the purposeful collaboration of patients as well as scientific, clinical, and policy researchers. The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education addresses the international research efforts that are leading to the development of the Digital Patient, the wealth of ongoing research in systems biology and multiscale simulation, and the imminent applications within the domain of personalized healthcare. Chapter coverage includes: The visible humanThe physiological humanThe virtual humanResearch in systems biologyMulti-scale modelingPersonalized medicineSelf-quantificationVisualizationComputational modelingInterdisciplinary collaboration The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education is a useful reference for simulation professionals such as clinicians, medical directors, managers, simulation technologists, faculty members, and educators involved in research and development in the life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering. The book is also an ideal supplement for graduate-level courses related to human modeling, simulation, and visualization.


List of Contributors xiii Preface xvii Part 1 The Vision: The Digital Patient Improving Research, Development, Education, and Healthcare Practice 1 1 The Digital Patient 3C. Donald Combs Health, The Goal, 4 Personalized Medicine, 4 The Best Outcomes, 5 The Emergence of the Digital Patient, 5 The Human Physiome, 6 Enabling the Digital Patient, 8 P4 Medicine, 11 Conclusion, 11 References, 12 2 Reflecting on Discipulus and Remaining Challenges 15Vanessa Diaz ]Zuccarini, Mona Alimohammadi, and Cesar Pichardo ]Almarza Introduction, 15 A Brief Contextual Background and a Call for Integration: Personalized Medicine is Holistic, 16 The Many Versions of the Digital Patient: On the Road to Medical Avatars, 18 Discipulus: The Digital Patient Technological Challenges and Main Conclusions, 19 The Remaining Challenges and Big Data, 24 Conclusion, 25 References, 26 3 Advancing the Digital Patient 27Catherine M. Banks Introduction, 27 The Digital Patient: Its Early Start, 28 Engaging the Digital Patient, 30 Conclusion, 31 4 The Significance of Modeling and Visualization 33John A. Sokolowski and Hector M. Garcia Introduction, 33 Modeling a Complex System: Human Physiology, 34 Medical Modeling, Simulation, and Visualization, 35 Modes and Types of Visualization, 40 Visualization for Patient ]Specific Usefulness, 43 Conclusion, 43 References, 45 Part 2 State of the Art: Systems Biology, the Physiome and Personalized Health 49 5 The Visible Human: A Graphical Interface for Holistic Modeling and Simulation 51Victor M. Spitzer Introduction, 51 Education, 53 Modeling, 55 Virtual Reality Trainers and Simulators, 56 Conclusion, 58 References, 59 6 The Quantifiable Self: Petabyte by Petabyte 63C. Donald Combs and Scarlett R. Barham Introduction, 63 Smarr s Quantified Self, 64 Extending Smarr s Research, 67 The Quantified Self ]Vision, Simplified, 69 Criticism, 69 Conclusion, 71 References, 72 7 Systems Biology and Health Systems Complexity: Implications for the Digital Patient 73C. Donald Combs, Scarlett R. Barham, and Peter M. A. Sloot Introduction, 73 Systems Biology, 75 The Institute for Systems Biology, 76 The Complexity Institute, 78 The Potential of Systems Biology, 81 Criticism, 82 Conclusion, 83 References, 83 8 Personalized Computational Modeling for the Treatment of Cardiac Arrhythmias 85Seth H. Weinberg Introduction, 85 Basics of Cardiac Electrophysiology, 86 Cardiac Modeling Advancements, 89 Regulation of Intracellular Calcium, 90 From Cells to Cables to Sheets to Tissue to the Heart, 91 Where Can we go from Here? What is the Cardiac Model in the Digital Patient? 95 References, 96 9 The Physiome Project, openEHR Archetypes, and the Digital Patient 101David P. Nickerson, Koray Atalag, Bernard de Bono, and Peter J. Hunter Introduction, 101 Multiscale Physiological Processes, 102 Physiome Project Standards, Repositories, and Tools, 103 Archetype Specialization, 112 Archetype Definition Language, 113 Linking Archetypes to External Knowledge Sources (Terminology and Biomedical Ontologies), 114 Archetype Annotations, 114 OpenEHR Model Repository and Governance, 115 Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources, 115 A Disease Scenario, 116 Summary and Conclusions, 121 References, 122 10 Physics ]Based Modeling for the Physiome 127William A. Pruett and Robert L. Hester Introduction, 127 Modeling Schemes, 128 Future Challenges, 142 Conclusion, 142 Acknowledgments, 143 References, 143 11 Modeling and Understanding the Human Body with SwarmScript 149Sebastian von Mammen, Stefan Schellmoser, Christian Jacob, and Joerg Hahner Introduction, 149 Related Work, 150 Multiagent Organization, 152 Designing Interactive Agents, 152 Speaking SwarmScript, 153 Answering Demand: The Design of SwarmScript, 153 Graph ]Based Rule Representation, 153 The Source Action Target, 154 SwarmScript INTO3D, 154 A SwarmScript Dialogue, 155 Discussion, 159 Summary, 161 References, 162 12 Using Avatars and Agents to Promote Real ]World Health Behavior Changes 167Sun Joo (Grace) Ahn Introduction, 167 Avatars and Agents, 168 Using Agents and Avatars to Promote Health Behavior Changes, 169 Conclusion, 174 References, 174 13 Virtual Reality and Eating, Diabetes, and Obesity 179Jessica E. Cornick and Jim Blascovich Introduction, 179 Virtual Reality, 179 Obesity and Weight Stigma, 184 Virtual Reality as a Tool for Combatting Health Issues, 185 Conclusion, 189 References, 189 14 Immersive Virtual Reality to Model Physical: Social Interaction and Self ]Representation 197Eric B. Bauman Introduction, 197 Theory for Immersive Virtual Learning Spaces, 197 Conclusion, 202 References, 203 Part 3 Challenges: Assimilating the Comprehensive Digital Patient 205 15 A Roadmap for Building a Digital Patient System 207Saikou Y. Diallo and Christopher J. Lynch Introduction, 207 Approach, 210 Building the Digital Patient Through Interoperability, 211 Conclusion, 221 Acknowledgments, 221 References, 221 16 Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary Research: Contextualization and Reliability of the Composite 225Andreas Tolk Introduction, 225 Interdisciplinarity and Interdisciplinary Research, 226 Data Engineering to Support Interdisciplinarity and Interoperability, 228 Base Object Models to Support Transdisciplinarity and Composability, 233 Open Challenges on Reliability, 235 Summary and Conclusion, 237 References, 239 17 Bayes Net Modeling: The Means to Craft the Digital Patient 241Joseph A. Tatman and Barry C. Ezell Introduction, 241 Other Interesting Applications, 246 Conclusion, 251 References, 253 Part 4 Potential Impact: Engaging The Digital Patient 255 18 Virtual Reality Standardized Patients for Clinical Training 257Albert Rizzo and Thomas Talbot Introduction, 257 The Rationale for Virtual Standardized Patients, 258 Conversational Virtual Human Agents, 259 Usc Efforts to Create Virtual Standardized Patients, 260 Conclusion, 269 References, 270 19 The Digital Patient: Changing the Paradigm of Healthcare and Impacting Medical Research and Education 273V. Andrea Parodi Introduction, 273 Overview Digital Medicine Projects, 275 Personalized Patient Care Clinical Use, 279 Recommended Education and Training for VPH Project Participation, 281 From Flexner to the 2010 Carnegie Report, 284 Summary Statements, 286 References, 287 20 The Digital Patient: A Vision for Revolutionizing the Electronic Medical Record and Future Healthcare 289Richard M. Satava Introduction, 289 Applications of the Digital Patient as the EMR, 291 Discussion, 296 Conclusion, 297 References, 297 21 Realizing the Digital Patient 299C. Donald Combs and John A. Sokolowski Index 305

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781118952757
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 336
  • ID: 9781118952757
  • weight: 578
  • ISBN10: 1118952758

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