This book examines the new institution of divinization that emerged as a political phenomenon at the end of the Roman Republic with the deification of Julius Caesar. Michael Koortbojian addresses the myriad problems related to Caesar's, and subsequently Augustus', divinization, in a sequence of studies devoted to the complex character of the new imperial system. These investigations focus on the broad spectrum of forms - monumental, epigraphic, numismatic, and those of social ritual - used to represent the most novel imperial institutions: divinization, a monarchial princeps, and a hereditary dynasty. Throughout, political and religious iconography is enlisted to serve in the study of these new Roman institutions, from their slow emergence to their gradual evolution and finally their eventual conventionalization.
Michael Koortbojian is Professor of Roman Art and Archaeology at Princeton University. He is the author of numerous articles on Roman Art and Renaissance antiquarianism, and his book Myth, Meaning, and Memory on Roman Sarcophagi was published in 1995. He has been a Fellow of the Warburg Institute, King's College, Cambridge, and the American Academy in Rome.
1. Making men gods; 2. The question of Caesar's divinity and the problem of his cult statue; 3. Augural images: old traditions and new institutions; 4. Romulus, Quirinus, genius, divus; 5. Caesar's portrait and the Simulacrum Divi Iulii; 6. Auspicious, propitious, victorious; 7. Representation in an era of divinization; 8. Ad urbem et ex urbe: the imagery of the divus and its fate; 9. Coda: reverberations in the east.