The dry forests and woodlands of Sub-Saharan Africa are major ecosystems, with a broad range of strong economic and cultural incentives for keeping them intact. However, few people are aware of their importance, compared to tropical rainforests, despite them being home to more than half of the continent's population.
This unique book brings together scientific knowledge on this topic from East, West, and Southern Africa and describes the relationships between forests, woodlands, people and their livelihoods. Dry forest is defined as vegetation dominated by woody plants, primarily trees, the canopy of which covers more than 10 per cent of the ground surface, occurring in climates with a dry season of three months or more. This broad definition - wider than those used by many authors - incorporates vegetation types commonly termed woodland, shrubland, thicket, savanna, wooded grassland, as well as dry forest in its strict sense. The book provides a comparative analysis of management experiences from the different geographic regions, emphasizing the need to balance the utilization of dry forests and woodland products between current and future human needs.
Further, the book explores the techniques and strategies that can be deployed to improve the management of African dry forests and woodlands for the benefit of all, but more importantly, the communities that live off these vegetation formations. Thus, the book lays a foundation for improving the management of dry forests and woodlands for the wide range of products and services they provide.
Emmanuel Chidumayo is a leading ecologist of African dry forests and woodlands and author of the Miombo Ecology and Management book published in 1997. Davison Gumbo is a Senior CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research) Scientist in southern Africa and a former head of the WWF miombo ecoregion programme for southern Africa.
Preface 1. Dry Forests and Woodlands in Sub-Saharan Africa: Context and Challenges 2. Distribution and Characteristics of African Dry Forests and Woodlands 3. Biodiversity of Plants 4. Contribution of Non-wood Forest Products to Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation 5. Non-wood Forest Products: Description, Use and Management 6. Timber and Wood Products 7. Woodfuel 8. Livestock and Wildlife 9. Plantations and Woodlots in Africa's Dry Forests and Woodlands 10. Environmental Services from the Dry Forests and Woodlands of Sub- Saharan Africa 11. Managing Dry Forests and Woodlands for Products and Services: A Prognostic Synthesis Index