The Effective Youth Court is purpose-made for professionals and academics working in the field of juvenile justice to inform them about a new interdisciplinary perspective. The book explores the way juvenile defendants are involved in the courtroom. The leading idea of the book is that a combination of two perspectives is required to be able to react legally correct and adequately to youth delinquency. Knowledge of the legal framework that has been developed in the past decades in the area of human rights, particularly the procedural rights of the child, has to be enriched with social scientific insights in the development and treatment of the child. First, the book develops a normative framework for the application of the right to be heard in the youth court. Then it offers a comparative analysis of the actual practice of participation of juvenile defendants in Europe. In total 50 youth courts have been visited, involving more than 3000 cases of juvenile defendants. Finally, best practices in the youth court procedure are designated regarding the actual participation of juvenile defendants.
Stephanie Rap teaches youth criminology and comparative juvenile justice at Utrecht University. She wrote her PhD thesis on comparative juvenile justice. Ido Weijers is professor of youth protection at Utrecht University. He is the author of several books, including Punishing Juveniles (with Antony Duff, Hart, 2002).
Foreword; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Part I The Right to be Heard: a Normative Framework; 1. A Children's Rights Perspective; 2. A Psychological Perspective; 3. Requirements for the Effective Participation of Juvenile Defendants; Part II Law in Action: Eleven Countries Compared; 4. General Characteristics of the Juvenile Justice Process; 5. Main Actors in the Juvenile Justice System; Part III Best Practices; 6. Hearing the Views of Juvenile Defendants; 7. Juvenile Defendants' Understanding; 8. Conclusions, Discussion and Recommendations; References; Index; Endnotes.