What does the theory of the ego ideal and its embodiment in ideology reveal about the nature, motives and objectives of political violence? What is the relation between the individual and the group? The author focuses specifically on the Korean student movement and the attitudes of students and their leaders. This book provides some new perspectives on political violence, the socio-psychological phenomena that is increasing throughout the world. Contents: Introduction; Theories of Political Violence; An Alternative Theoretical Framework for Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Political Violence; Deconstructing the Oedipus Complex; The Oedipus Complex and the Ego Ideal in Confucian Society; Understanding of Political Violence in Korea; Conclusion.