Between the two world wars, a distinct and vibrant film culture emerged in Europe. Film festivals and schools were established; film theory and history was written that took cinema seriously as an art form; and critical writing that created the film canon flourished. This scene was decidedly transnational and creative, overcoming traditional boundaries between theory and practice, and between national and linguistic borders. This new European film culture established film as a valid form of social expression, as an art form, and as a political force to be reckoned with. By examining the extraordinarily rich and creative uses of cinema in the interwar period, we can examine the roots of film culture as we know it today.
Malte Hagener is Professor of Media Studies at Philipps Universitat Marburg. He is the author of Moving Forward, Looking Back: The European Avant-garde and the Invention of Film Culture, 1919-1939 (Amsterdam UP 2007) and with Thomas Elsaesser of Film Theory: An Introduction through the Senses (Routledge 2010).
List of Figures Acknowledgements Introduction: The Emergence of Film Culture Malte Hagener PART I: FORMATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE Chapter 1. Policing Race. Postcolonial Critique, Censorship and Regulatory Responses to the Cinema in Weimar Film Culture Tobias Nagl Chapter 2. The Visible Woman in and against Bela Balazs Erica Carter Chapter 3. Encounters in Darkened Rooms: Alternative Programming of the Dutch Filmliga, 1927-1931 Tom Gunning Chapter 4. When Was Soviet Cinema Born? The Institututionalization of Soviet Film Studies and the Problems of Periodization Natalya Ryabchikova PART II: NETWORKS OF EXCHANGE Chapter 5. Eastern Avatars. Russian Influence on European Avant-gardes Ian Christie Chapter 6. Early Yugoslav cine-amateurism: Cinephilia and the institutionalization of film culture in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during the interwar period Greg DeCuir, Jr. Chapter 7. Soviet-Italian Cinematic Exchanges. Transnational Film Education in the 1930s Masha Salazkina Chapter 8. The Avant-garde, Education and Marketing: The Making of Non-Theatrical Film Culture in Interwar Switzerland Yvonne Zimmermann PART III: EMERGENCE OF INSTITUTIONS Chapter 9. Interwar Film Culture in Sweden. Avant-Garde Transactions in the Emergent Welfare State Lars Gustaf Andersson Chapter 10. Building the Institution. Luigi Chiarini and Italian Film Culture in the 1930s Francesco Pitassio and Simone Venturini Chapter 11. A New Art for a New Society? The Emergence and Development of Film Schools in Europe Duncan Petrie Chapter 12. Institutions of Film Culture. Festivals and Archives as Network Nodes Malte Hagener Chapter 13. The German Reichsfilmarchiv in an International Context Rolf Aurich Notes on Contributors Bibliography Index