In the past 25 years, more than 30 new human germs have emerged onto the medical scene, most of these rising from animals. And with these germs come new diseases like the avian flu, Ebola, SARS, and weaponized viruses such as anthrax and smallpox, which pose a growing threat to the world. With the rising number of deaths due to infectious diseases, it is essential to have clear and concise information on this topic. With more than 600 entries, ""The Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases, Third Edition"" provides up-to-date information on this expanding field, including the latest research, new treatments and vaccines, and rising diseases such as mad cow disease. Appendixes include drugs used to treat infectious diseases, tips for home disinfection, and lists of helpful organizations and publications, making this the ultimate resource for knowledge about infectious diseases. Topics include: Animals and infectious diseases; Food safety and natural disasters; Influenza; Lung and respiratory infections; Neonatal infections; Parasitic infections; Stomach and intestinal infections; Terrorist-related infectious diseases; Treatments and diagnosis; and Vaccines and immunizations.