This text provides a survey of the peoples who speak Finno-Ugric languages and have titular republics or autonomous regions within the post-Soviet Russian federation. Their languages have set them apart from their Turkic and Russian neighbours and helped to preserve their distinct identity, including their animist religious practices. Previous works on this subject were written before the demise of the USSR so that information on the subject was screened by Soviet censors. In particular, this book explores the principal threats now facing these peoples - as much environmental as political. Although communism has gone, the exploitation of natural resources threatens the region's ecology, while the new rulers in the Kremlin seem set to continue their predecessors' oppressive policies towards the Finno-Ugrians. The book is written with commitment to the threatened human and political rights of these endangered peoples.
The Finno-Ugric Republics in the world context; historical overview; Western Finno-Ugric nations - Hungary, Finland, Estonia; Karelia - orthodox Finland; Moksherzia - the bee-keepers; Mariel - Europe's last animists; Udmurtia - the Redhead Sun children; Kominu - the northernmost alphabet; Hanti-Mansia and Nenetsia - the Arctic oil curse; Finno-Ugric Republics and the future of Russian democracy.