This work examines Vincent McCauley's contribution to the church of Eastern Africa through his implementation of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) teachings. McCauley served the church in Eastern Africa for almost 25 years, applying his ideas on the importance of indigenous clergy and education, which he had learned as a missionary in East Bengal. Vincent McCauley, CSC served the church in Eastern Africa for almost 25 years. Arriving in Uganda in November, 1958, he immediately began to implement his ideas on the importance of indigenous clergy and education. Selected as the first bishop of Fort Portal in 1961, McCauley built his diocese from the ground up, utilizing local clergy, as well as religious, most notably White Fathers and Holy Cross, the latter being McCauley's religious community. As bishop, McCauley was instrumental in promoting ecumenism, supporting the efforts of lay men and women, and initiating major educational institutions.
As Chairman (1964-1972) and Secretary General (1973-1979) of the Association of Member Episcopal Conferences of Eastern Africa (AMECEA) he was responsible for the foundation of additional educational institutions, the fostering of Small Christian Communities (SCCs), and the security of many refugees. Utilizing the Vatican II spirit of aggiornamento, Bishop McCauley opened the windows of the Church in Eastern African to the contemporary world.