Canada is often identified as being at the forefront in its concern for the global environment, working to address such challenges as global climate change, unsustainable development, resource depletion, and ecosystem destruction. But despite high policy ambitions and formal commitments to preserve environmental quality, Canada has fallen behind its G-8 peers in environmental accomplishments. To what can this gap between rhetoric and performance be attributed?In a cogent examination of Canada's environmental policy performance, The Integrity Gap demonstrates how Canada's configuration of political and economic institutions has limited environmental policy effectiveness. Canadian environmental institutions, the authors argue, have produced an integrity gap, where the sustainability rhetoric adopted by policy makers fails to achieve concrete results. In an analysis that penetrates several policy domains and combines various disciplinary, sectoral, and geographic perspectives, the authors effectively demonstrate how Canada fell from leader to laggard within the international environmental community during the 1990s.This book makes a significant contribution to existing policy scholarship, placing the study of Canadian environmental policy within an institutional framework of analysis. It will find an enthusiastic audience among political scientists, policy analysts, environmental specialists, urban and regional planners, and students at both undergraduate and graduate levels.
Eugene Lee is a member of the Department of PoliticalScience, Sookmyung Women's University, Korea. AnthonyPerl is in the Department of Political Science, University ofCalgary.
Figures and Tables Acknowledgments 1. Institutions and the Integrity Gap in Canadian EnvironmentalPolicy / Eugene Lee and Anthony Perl 2. How Canada's Stumbles with Environmental Risk ManagementReflect an Integrity Gap / William Leiss 3. Canadian Environmental Policy and the Natural Resource Sector:Paradoxical Aspects of the Transition to a Post-Staples PoliticalEconomy / Michael Howlett 4. International Institutions and the Framing of Canada'sClimate Change Policy: Mitigating or Masking the Integrity Gap? /Steven Bernstein 5. Energy Mixes and Future Scenarios: The Nuclear OptionDeconstructed / Michael D. Mehta 6. Participatory Management and Sustainability: Evolving Policy andPractice in a Mountain Environment / Fikret Berkes, Jay Anderson,Colin Duffield, J.S. Gardner, A.J. Sinclair, and Greg Stevens 7. Policy Communities and Environmental Policy Integrity: A Tale ofTwo Canadian Urban Air Quality Initiatives / Anthony Perl 8. Integrity of Land-Use and Transportation Planning in the GreaterToronto Area / Richard Gilbert 9. Toronto's Exhibition Place: Closing the Integrity Gap betweena Nineteenth-Century Fairground and a Sustainable Twenty-First-CenturyCity / David Gurin 10. Conclusion / Anthony Perl and Eugene Lee Notes on Contributors Index