In The Jewish Dietary Laws in the Ancient World Jordan D. Rosenblum explores how cultures critique and defend their religious food practices. In particular he focuses on how ancient Jews defended the kosher laws, or kashrut, and how ancient Greeks, Romans, and early Christians critiqued these practices. As the kosher laws are first encountered in the Hebrew Bible, this study is rooted in ancient biblical interpretation. It explores how commentators in antiquity understood, applied, altered, innovated upon, and contemporized biblical dietary regulations. He shows that these differing interpretations do not exist within a vacuum; rather, they are informed by a variety of motives, including theological, moral, political, social, and financial considerations. In analyzing these ancient conversations about culture and cuisine, he dissects three rhetorical strategies deployed when justifying various interpretations of ancient Jewish dietary regulations: reason, revelation, and allegory. Finally, Rosenblum reflects upon wider, contemporary debates about food ethics.
Jordan D. Rosenblum is Associate Professor and Belzer Professor of Classical Judaism at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His research focuses on the literature, culture, and history of the Rabbinic movement. He is the author of Food and Identity in Early Rabbinic Judaism (Cambridge, 2010) and the co-editor of Religious Competition in the Third Century CE: Jews, Christians, and the Greco-Roman World (2014). He is also the editor for Ancient Judaism at Currents in Biblical Research.
Introduction. Reasonable creature; 1. Hebrew Bible; 2. Greek and Roman sources; 3. The Hellenistic period: Jewish sources; 4. The Hellenistic period: the New Testament; 5. The Tannaitic period: Jewish sources; 6. The Rabbinic/Patristic period: Amoraic sources; 7. The Rabbinic/Patristic period: Christian sources; Conclusion. Food ethic; Bibliography; Index of pre-modern sources; Selected index of modern scholars; Selected general index.