The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in Modern Times

The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in Modern Times

By: Reeva Spector Simon (editor), Sara Reguer (editor), Michael Menachem Laskier (editor)Paperback

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Despite considerable research on the Jewish diaspora in the Middle East and North Africa since 1800, there has until now been no comprehensive synthesis that illuminates both the differences and commonalities in Jewish experience across a range of countries and cultures. This lacuna in both Jewish and Middle Eastern studies is due partly to the fact that in general histories of the region, Jews have been omitted from the standard narrative. As part of the religious and ethnic mosaic that was traditional Islamic society, Jews were but one among numerous minorities and so have lacked a systematic treatment. Addressing this important oversight, this volume documents the variety and diversity of Jewish life in the region over the last two hundred years. It explains the changes that affected the communities under Islamic rule during its "golden age" and describes the processes of modernization that enabled the Jews to play a pivotal role in their respective countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first half of the book is thematic, covering topics ranging from languages to economic life and from religion and music to the world of women. The second half is a country-by-country survey that covers Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Egypt, the Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco.

About Author

Reeva Spector Simon is associate director of the Middle East Institute at Columbia University and author of Iraq Between the Two World Wars. Michael Menachem Laskier teaches at the newly created Department of Middle East History at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, and is the author of eight books, including Israel and the Arab World: Israeli-Maghrebi Common Interests,Encounters, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (forthcoming). Sara Reguer is chair of Judaic studies at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.


Part I: Thematic Section Middle Eastern and Sephardic Jewry: The Historical Background 700-1700, by Jane Gerber Europe in the Middle East, by Reeva S. Simon Economic Life, by Michael M. Laskier and Reeva S. Simon Community Leadership and Structure, by Michael M. Laskier, Sara Reguer and Haim Saadoun Religion: Rabbinic Tradition and the Response to Modernity, by Zvi Zohar Intellectual Life, by Ammiel Alcalay Languages Judezmo and Hakitia (Judeo-Spanish), by David M. Bunis Judeo-Arabic, by Joseph Chetrit Languages of Iran and Afghanistan, by Haideh Sahim Education, by Rachel Simon Zionism, by Rachel Simon Beliefs and Customs, by Issachar Ben-Ami Aspects of Material Culture, by Esther Juhasz Music, by Mark Kligman The World of Women, by Sara Reguer Part II: Country by Country Survey Ottoman Turkey, by Jacob M. Landau Ottoman Balkans, by Aron Rodrigue The Turkish Republic, by George E. Gruen Syria and Lebanon, by Michael M. Laskier Eretz Yisrael / Palestine 1800-1948, by Ruth Kark and Joseph B. Glass Iraq, by Reeva S. Simon Iran and Afghanistan, by Haideh Sahim Yemen, by Bat-Zion Eraqi-Klorman Egypt and the Sudan, by Jean-Marc Ran Oppenheim Libya, by Harvey E. Goldberg Tunisia, by Haim Saadoun Algeria, by David Cohen Morocco, by Michael M. Laskier and Eliezer Bashan

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780231107976
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 432
  • ID: 9780231107976
  • ISBN10: 0231107978

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