The Justice and Development Party in Turkey: Populism, Personalism, Organization

The Justice and Development Party in Turkey: Populism, Personalism, Organization

By: Toygar Sinan Baykan (author)Hardback

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Turkish politics were remarkably reshaped in the early 2000s following the decline of the Islamist National View and the electoral breakthrough of the new Justice and Development Party (JDP) headed by Erdogan. Beside its Islamist credentials, Erdogan's JDP consistently and convincingly presented itself as the 'populist' defender of the downtrodden sectors of Turkish society. However, with Erdogan's rise as the popularly elected president in 2014, Turkey's already fragile democratic system was driven in a more authoritarian direction. Shifting the focus away from structural factors, this book analyzes the political appeal and organisation of the JDP that granted them such unprecedented electoral resilience. With critical but accessible theoretical discussions, Toygar Sinan Baykan locates the JDP within the wider literature of populism, Islamist party politics, party organisations and authoritarianism. Over fifty in-depth interviews also help to relate the intimate story of Turkey's socio-cultural divides and the JDP's intraparty organisational dynamics, thereby offering a fresh account of Turkish politics.

About Author

Toygar Sinan Baykan is Assistant Professor of Political Science and Public Administration at Kirklareli University, Turkey. He attended the Middle East Technical University and Universiteit Leiden for his post-graduate studies and has a master's degree in comparative politics from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He received his Ph.D. degree in politics from the University of Sussex, with his dissertation focusing on the populism and organisation of the JDP in Turkey. His reviews have appeared in Party Politics, Mediterranean Politics and Political Studies Review. His research interests include party politics, comparative politics and populism.


Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction: agency matters; 2. The transformation of the Turkish party system: selective pluralism and the rise of the JDP; 3. The high-low divide in Turkish politics and the populist appeal of the JDP; 4. The JDP and Erdogan: non-charismatic personalism; 5. The JDP strategies: moving beyond the basics of Turkish party politics; 6. The JDP organization: a personalistic mass party; 7. Elite recruitment in the JDP: 'you do not want these kinds of people in the parliament'; 8. 'The new regime': the role of agency in the rise of competitive authoritarianism in Turkey; 9. Conclusions: findings, implications, future research; Appendix 1. Brief information on the political parties in Turkey; Appendix 2. The high-low (or anti-populism/populism) and left-right divides in Turkey.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781108480871
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 320
  • ID: 9781108480871
  • weight: 590
  • ISBN10: 110848087X

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