Khat. A harmless natural stimulant or a lethal epidemic sweeping through the international drugs trade? Khat is a natural substance that, in the Middle East, is as ubiquitous as coffee is in the West. It is hugely popular in some African and Arab populations. But critics contend that it is a seriously addictive stimulant that damages the cardiovascular system.In a groundbreaking study, the authors go behind the veil of the drug, questioning its availability and its effect on its Red Sea producers. Interwoven with case studies from Djibouti to Rome, The Khat Controversy goes deeper to explore contemporary issues relating to globalization, ethnicity and culture. With its popularity escalating in London, Rome, Toronto and Copenhagen, khat is fast becoming a problem in the West. The first study of this contested drug, The Khat Controversy provides a concise introduction to the issues surrounding khat usage and suggests how policymakers should address them.The Khat Controversy: Stimulating the Debate on Drugs has received an honorable mention for the African Studies Association's 2008 Melville J. Herskovits Award
David Anderson is Lecturer in African Studies, University of Oxford and Research Fellow, St Cross College, Oxford. Susan Beckerleg is an International Consultant and specializes on the social aspects of illicit substance use. Degol Hailu is a research academic at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. He is currently on leave from SOAS and works for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as policy advisor for the Caribbean region. Axel Klein is Lecturer in Addictive Studies at the Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Studies, University of Kent.
List of Figures, Tables Maps Preface Acknowledgements Introduction 1. Going Global: The Khat Controversy Khat and its effects Mogadiscio to Minneapolis Trust technology Part I Khat in the Horn 2. Devil's Cud or Farmers' Boon? Diversifying in the dollar leaf Ethiopia's khat farmers Foreign exchange, taxation the khat economy 3. Trading the Dollar Leaf Ethiopia's khat markets The export trade 4. Consuming Habits along the Red Sea Littoral The Ethiopian heartlands Urban Djibouti Somaliland Part II Khat in East Africa 5. Made in Meru: A Market History Traditions colonial controls Co-operatives exports Khat wars a global brand 6. Kenya's Khat Trade Nyambene beyond Reaching the consumer Campaigning against khat 7. On the Khat Frontier: Uganda Uganda's 'new' producers Hidden retailing Surveying consumption Part III Khat in the Diaspora 8. The Ambivalent Amphetamine Strains and tensions A Mafrish in the neighbourhood 9. Transnational Debates International trade Khat and crime The social issues 10. The Politics of Khat Control The khat control lobby Khat in Canadian The Swedish story Conclusion 11. Prohibition? Khat and the Drugs Debate Appendix A: List of Informants Bibliography Index