Inequality is not just about the size of our wallets. It is a socio-cultural order which, for most of us, reduces our capabilities to function as human beings, our health, our dignity, our sense of self, as well as our resources to act and participate in the world. This book shows that inequality is literally a killing field, with millions of people dying premature deaths because of it. These lethal effects of inequality operate not only in the poor world, but also, and increasingly, in rich countries, as Therborn demonstrates with data ranging from the US, the UK, Finland and elsewhere. Even when they survive inequality, millions of human lives are stunted by the humiliations and degradations of inequality linked to gender, race and ethnicity, and class. But this book is about experiences of equalization too, highlighting moments and processes of equalization in different parts of the world - from India and other parts of Asia, from the Americas, as well as from Europe. South Africa illustrates the toughest challenges. The killing fields of inequality can be avoided: this book shows how.
Clear, succinct, wide-ranging in scope and empirical in its approach, this timely book by one of the world s leading social scientists will appeal to a wide readership.
Goran Therborn is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Cambridge and author of The World: A Beginner s Guide.
Figures page vi Tables vii Introduction 1 I. The Fields 5 1. Human, Nasty and Short: Life under Inequality 7 2. Behind the Doors of Exclusion 20 II. Theory 35 3. Theoretical Cross-Draught 37 4. Three Kinds of (In)Equality and Their Production 48 III. History 69 5. Inequality and the Rise of Modernity 71 6. A Historical Six-Pack: Three Inequalities in Global and National History 79 IV. Today s Unequal World 101 7. Current World Patterns and Dynamics of Inequalities 103 8. Three Puzzles of Contemporary Inequalities 132 V. Possible Futures 151 9. Overcoming Inequality Yesterday and Tomorrow 153 10. The Decisive Battlefields of Future (In)Equality 166 References 185 Index 202