Kurds are the largest stateless people in the world. An estimated thirty-two million Kurds live in "Kurdistan," which includes parts of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, and Iran-today's "hot spots" in the Middle East. The Kurdish Spring explores the subjugation of Kurds by Arab, Ottoman, and Persian powers for almost a century, and explains why Kurds are now evolving from a victimized people to a coherent political community.
David L. Phillips describes Kurdish rebellions and arbitrary divisions in the last century, chronicling the nadir of Kurdish experience in the 1980s. He discusses draconian measures implemented by Iraq, including use of chemical weapons, Turkey's restrictions on political and cultural rights, denial of citizenship and punishment for expressing Kurdish identity in Syria, and repressive rule in Iran.
Phillips forecasts the collapse and fragmentation of Iraq. He argues that US strategic and security interests are advanced through cooperation with Kurds, as a bulwark against ISIS and Islamic extremism. This work will encourage the public to look critically at the post-colonial period, recognizing the injustice and impracticality of states that were created by Great Powers, and offering a new perspective on sovereignty and statehood.
David L. Phillips is director of the Program on Peace-building and Rights at Columbia University's Institute, USA for the Study of Human Rights. Phillips served as foreign affairs expert and senior adviser to the US Department of State during the administrations of presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama. He is the author of From Bullets to Ballots. Bernard Kouchner is a French politician. From 2007 until 2010 he was the foreign minister of France. He is the cofounder of Doctors without Borders.
Foreword by Bernard Kouchner Author's Note Introduction Part One 1. Betrayal Part Two: Abuse 2. Kurds in Iraq 3. Kurds in Turkey 4. Kurds in Syria 5. Kurds in Iran Part Three: Progress 6. Self-Rule in Iraq 7. The Imrali Peace Process 8. From Syria's Ashes 9. The Second Iranian Revolution Part Four: Peril and Opportunity 10. The End of Iraq 11. International Response 12. Path to Independence List of Abbreviations Index