How is the universal, yet private and subjective, experience of pain talked about by different people in everyday encounters? What does the analysis of pain-related lexico-phraseological choices, grammatical structures, and linguistic metaphors reveal as to how pain is perceived and experienced? Are pain utterances primarily used to express or to describe this experiential domain? This is the first book that investigates such questions from both a functional and a cognitive perspective: it combines two converging usage-based theoretical models in a systematic linguistic inquiry of the construal of pain in everyday language. This work is based on a specialised electronic corpus of Greek naturally-occurring dialogues in a health care context, the underlying assumption being that in the absence of factual evidence intuition about language cannot reliably detect or predict patterns of usage. Comparing Greek with English data, this book significantly contributes to the development of this research field cross-linguistically.
1. Acknowledgements; 2. Chapter 1. Introduction; 3. Chapter 2. Pain and language; 4. 2.1. Introduction; 5. 2.2. The language of pain; 6. Chapter 3. Corpus design and data collection; 7. Chapter 4. Mode of analysis; 8. 4.1. Introduction; 9. 4.2. Halliday's process types in modelling experience; 10. Chapter 5. Data analysis and general discussion; 11. 5.1. Introduction; 12. 5.2. Pain: Process, participant or quality?; 13. 5.3. Key lexical items and their frequencies; 14. Chapter 6. The construal of pain as process; 15. 6.1. Introduction; 16. 6.2. Foolen's account of the communication of emotions and pain behaviour; 17. 6.3. General characteristics of pain as process; 18. 6.4. Process types and structural functions in ponao constructions; 19. Chapter 7. The construal of pain as thing-participant; 20. 7.1. Introduction; 21. 7.2. Grammatically construed semantic properties of ponos; 22. 7.3. Structural configurations featuring ponos as participant; 23. Chapter 8. Pain and metaphor; 24. 8.1. Introduction; 25. 8.2. The conceptual grounding of ponos metaphors and their linguistic realisation; 26. 8.3. Lost for words; 27. 8.4. Concluding remarks; 28. Chapter 9. Conclusions; 29. References; 30. Appendix A; 31. Appendix B; 32. Appendix C; 33. Name index; 34. Subject index