Ekstein's book brings together papers on a number of themes which have occupied his thinking during the last 40 years. In the Wiener Kreis, the Vienna circle of philosophers, he studied, together with his professor Moritz Schlick, the philosophy of science, the analysis of language, and the clarification of meaning. Throughout his life he has always been inspired by the work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. In the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute his interest in psychotherapy and psychoanalysis was reinforced, and he established for himself a bridge between the kind of thinking that looks for philosophical clarification and that which searches for psychological meaning. The psychotherapeutic and psychoanalytic methods of psychological clarification depend on the language tools of the thinking process. But these language tools, referring now to different theories of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy in the various schools, have their usefulness as well as their limitations. Ekstein's chronological assessment allows us to arrive at a philosophical and psychological clarification of present psycho-therapeutic and psychoanalytic schools.
1. Foreword (by Eschbach, Achim); 2. 1. The philosophical refutation; 3. 2. The language of psychology and of everyday life; 4. 3. The extension of basic scientific laws to psychoanalysis and to psychology (by Bellak, Leopold); 5. 4. Psychological laws and human freedom; 6. 5. Ideological warfare in the psychological sciences; 7. 6. The Tower of Babel in psychology and in psychiatry; 8. 7. Structural aspects of psychotherapy; 9. 8. Philosophy of science and psychoanalysis; 10. 9. Thoughts concerning the nature of the interpretive process; 11. 10. Reflections on parallels in the therapeutic and the social process; 12. 11. Pleasure and reality, play and work, thought and action - variations of and on a theme; 13. 12. The psychoanalyst and his relationship to the philosophy of science; 14. 13. Psychoanalysis and social crises; 15. 14. In quest of the professional self; 16. 15. Must I have a philosophy of psychotherapy?; 17. 16. Towards Walden III; 18. 17. Metapsychology and the languages of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy; 19. Miscellaneous writings; 20. 18. A note on the language of psychotic acting out: Discussion of L. Bryce Boyer's chapter; 21. 19. Karl Buhler and psychoanalysis; 22. 20. A Home for the Heart by Bruno Bettelheim; 23. 21. Psychoteherapy in America and in Europe: the twain shall meet; 24. 22. Further thoughts concerning the nature of the interpretive process; 25. 23. Robert Waelder's criteria of interpretation (1939) revisited; 26. 24. Reflections on the concept of "borderline": structure and process; 27. 25. Freud and Adler: attachement and separation: A new glimpse at the relationship between psychoanalysis and individual psychology in 1982