One of the most unexpected outcomes of the Soviet bloc's transition out of communism is the divergent but important paths followed by once ruling communist parties. In The Left Transformed this ideological split into free market social democrats (Poland, Hungary, and Lithuania), anti-Western neo-Leninists (Russia and Ukraine), and doctrinal fence-sitters (the ex-communists of former East Germany) is explored through in-depth interviews, party presses and primary documents, and national election data. The careful examination of each party's transition as well as the most current information on organization, ideology, and electoral fortunes through late 2002 makes this book an invaluable resource for anyone interested in contemporary history, political parties, or comparative government in the former Soviet Empire.
Jane Leftwich Curry is associate professor of political science at Santa Clara University. Joan Barth Urban is professor of politics at the Catholic University of America.
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Poland's Ex-Communists: From Pariahs to Establishment Players Chapter 3 Hungary: Socialists Building Capitalism Chapter 4 The Left-wing Parties in Lithuania, 1990-2002 Chapter 5 Political Adaptation in Germany's Post-Communist Party of Democratic Socialism Chapter 6 The Pragmatic Radicalism of Russia's Communists Chapter 7 The Communist Party of Ukraine: From Soviet Man to East Slavic Brotherhood Chapter 8 The Post-Communist Left: Divergent Trajectories, Shared Legacies Chapter 9 Appendix