This study examines the history of the Aramaic people and their culture and tradition, with special reference to law, slavery and the status of women. The present study examines the development of writing as a means of cultural expression. Ancient inscriptions and manuscripts are valuable historical documents. Historians look to epigraphers and palaeographers not only for rendition of these texts, but also for the dating of written historical records. During the last century, many inscriptions of great importance for the study of ancient Near Eastern history have been deciphered. In order to realize fully what Aramaic stands for we have to include the language of the Papyri and analyze the total scheme of modem Aramaic philology. Behind the Aramaic language stand the Aramaeans and their lives in general. The Assyrian inscriptions give us what is known of the early history of the Arameans in Mesopotamia.