This timely book is the first complete descriptive grammar of Lillooet, an indigenous Canadian language spoken in British Columbia, now threatened with extinction. The author discusses three major aspects of the language - sound system, word structure, and syntax - in great detail. The classical structuralism method of analysis, as developed in North America by Leonard Bloomfield and his followers, is used to look at every aspect of Lillooet in terms of its function and position within the whole structure of the language. Van Eijk explains terms and procedures in order to make the book accessible not only to the advanced linguist, but also to the undergraduate student with basic linguistic training. Written with great clarity, and well organized, the book is illustrated with copious examples drawn from many years of fieldwork in St'at'imc territory.
A fully analysed and translated Lillooet text is included in an appendix to illustrate the grammatical patterns discussed in the main body. A second appendix has a conversion table comparing the standard Amerindian orthography used in the book with the practical orthography used in Lillooet-speaking communities.
The Lillooet Language is an invaluable addition to other recent studies of neighbouring Salish languages such as Squamish, Halkomelem, Thompson, and Shuswap. It could be used both as a textbook for studies in the structure of a selected language, and as collateral reading for courses in phonology, morphology and syntax.
Jan van Eijk is a professor in the Department of Indian Languages, Literature, and Linguistics at the First Nations University of Canada.
Preface Introduction Symbols and abbreviations Part 1: Phonology Chart of phonemes 1 Phonemes: General Information & Phonetic Data 2 Movement of the Stress 3 Distribution of schwa 4 Internal Sandhi 5 Retracted phonemes 6 Structure of roots 7 Special Questions Part 2: Morphology Chart of morphological operations 8 Introduction to Morphology 9 The Nominalizer s- 10 Stem-Forming Prefixes 11 Compounding 12 Reduplication 13 Interior Glottalization 14 Aspectual Suffixes 16 Abstract Suffixes 17 Reflexive and Reciprocal Suffixes 18 Intransitivizers and Transitivizers 19 Numerals and Numerical Substitutes 20 Verbal Substitutes 21 Summing-Up of Stem-Formation 22 Personal Affixation 23 Invariable Words: General Remarks 24 Personal Pronouns and Related Substitutes 25 Demonstrative Pronouns 26 Demonstrative Adverbs 27 Proper Nouns 28 Full Word Conjunctions and Adverbs (Particles) 29 Sentence-Equivalents 30 Greetings, Exclamations, and Interjections 31 Articles 32 Enclitics 33 Proclitic Conjunctions 34 Prepositions Part 3: Syntax 35 Introduction to Syntax 36 Mono-Clausal Sentences 37 Multi-Clausal Sentences 38 Syntax: Special Questions Appendices 39 A Lillooet Text 40 Comparison of Lillooet Orthographies Bibliography