Athens dominates textbook accounts of ancient Greece. But was it, for the Greeks themselves, a model city-state or a creative, even a corrupt, departure from the model? Or was there a model? This book reveals Epizephyrian Locri--a Greek colony on the Adriatic coast of Italy--as a third way in Greek culture, neither Athens nor Sparta. Drawing on a wide range of literary and archaeological evidence, James Redfield offers a fascinating account of this poorly understood Greek city-state, and in particular the distinctive role of women and marriage therein. Redfield devotes much of the book to placing Locri within a more general account of Greek culture, particularly with the institution of marriage in relation to private property, sexual identity, and the fate of the soul. He begins by considering the annual practice of sending two maidens from old-world Locris, the putative place of origin of the Italian Locrians, to serve in the temple of Athena at Ilion, finding here some key themes of Locrian culture.
He goes on to provide a richly detailed overview of the Italian city; in a set of iconographic essays he suggests that marriage was seen in Locri as a life transformation akin to the eternal bliss hoped for after death. Nothing less than a general reevaluation of classical Greek society in both its political and theological dimensions, The Locrian Maidens is must reading for students and scholars of classics, while remaining accessible and of particular interest to those in women's studies and to anyone seeking a broader understanding of ancient Greece.
James M. Redfield is the Edward Olson Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Classics, the Committee on Social Thought, the Committee on the Ancient Mediterranean World, and the College at the University of Chicago. He is the author of "Nature and Culture in the Iliad".
Preface ix Acknowledgments xiii Abbreviations xv Introduction 1 PART ONE: Sexual Complementarity 15 One: The Sexes in Cosmos and History 17 Two: Women in Civil Society 27 Three: The Theology of Consent 57 PART TWO: The Locrian Maidens at Troy 83 Four: The Locrian Maidens at Troy 85 EXCURSUS 151 Five: On Development 153 PART THREE: Epizephyrian Locri 201 Six: Epizephyrian Locri 203 Seven: Locrian Culture: Locri, Locris, Sparta (and Crete) 241 PART FOUR: Four Iconographic Essays 309 Eight: Nymphs 311 Nine: The Tortoise and the Knucklebone 318 Ten: The Ludovisi and Boston Thrones 332 Eleven: The Locrian Pinakes 346 EPILOGUE 387 Twelve: Pythagoras at the Locrian Frontier 389 Appendix: Ritual Prostitution at Locri 411 Bibliography 417 Index 435