Few phenomena have been more disruptive to West European politics and society than the accumulative experience of post-WWII immigration. Against this backdrop spring two questions: Why have the immigrant-receiving states historically permitted high levels of immigration? To what degree can the social and political fallout precipitated by immigration be politically managed? Utilizing evidence from a variety of sources, this study explores the links between immigration and the surge of popular support for anti-immigrant groups; its implications for state sovereignty; its elevation to the policy agenda of the European Union; and its domestic legacies. It argues that post-WWII migration is primarily an interest-driven phenomenon that has historically served the macroeconomic and political interests of the receiving countries. Moreover, it is the role of politics in adjudicating the claims presented by domestic economic actors, foreign policy commitments, and humanitarian norms that creates a permissive environment for significant migration to Western Europe.
Anthony M. Messina is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of Race and Party Competition in Britain and is the editor of several books, including most recently (with Robert M. Fishman) The Year of the Euro: The Cultural, Political and Social Import of Europe's Common Currency. He has also written articles published in the Journal of Common Studies, Parliamentary Affairs, Political Studies, Policy Studies Journal, The Review of Politics, West European Politics, World Politics, and other scholarly journals and anthologies.
1. Introduction: immigration and state sovereignty; 2. The origins and trajectory of post-WWII immigration; 3. The organized nativist backlash: the surge of anti-immigrant groups; 4. Immigration and state sovereignty: implications of the British and German cases; 5. The logics and politics of a European immigration policy regime; 6. The domestic legacies of postwar immigration: citizenship, monoculturalism, and the Keynesian welfare state; 7. The logics and politics of immigrant political incorporation.