The Long Peace: Ottoman Lebanon, 1861-1920

The Long Peace: Ottoman Lebanon, 1861-1920

By: Engin Deniz Akarli (author)Hardback

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Description

Although since the early 19th century Lebanon has been one of the most turbulent areas of the world, the period of 60 years between the civil war of 1860 and the beginning of the French mandate in 1920, saw a long peace. Engin Akarli's book looks at these crucial years and at the socio-political changes that resulted from the shifting alliances that characterized the period. Akarli describes the ways in which non-violent means of conflict resolution encouraged the creation of a governmental system that set Ottoman Lebanon apart from its neighbours in the years after 1860. He argues that indigenous Lebanese experience in self-rule as well as reconciliation among different religious groups after 1860 laid the foundation for secular democracy. This revisionist history with interpretation, emphasizes the ways in which participation in the state-building process by all social and religious groups during this period, helped generate a sense of common political identity and prevented the outbreak of internal strife and external intervention. The long peace came to a sad end in 1920 when the thorny issues of nationalism and political control once again came to the fore.

Contents

The road to a special regime in Mount Lebanon - geography, the people politics, winds of change, international rivalries and sectarian strife, the new regime; Ottoman policy and power relations in Mount Lebanon, 1861-1892 - the formative period, 1861-1873 - Rustem Pasha, 1873-1883 - Vasa Pasha, 1883-1892; Ottoman policy and power relations in Mount Lebanon, 1892-1915; Naum Pasha, 1892-1902 Muzaffer Pasha, 1902-1907 Yusuf Pasha and Ohannes Pasha, 1907-1915; the administrative council - Composition and Duties of the Council The Council's Weapon: Its Right to Veto Tax Increases Elections and Politics in the Mountain The Council as the Representative of Lebanese; taxation and fiscal administration - Taxation Under the Reglement Basic Sources of Revenue Additional Sources of Revenue The 1913-14 Budget, Mutiny, an Fiscal Autonomy. JUDICIAL ORGANISATION AS A MECHANISM OF SOCIAL CONSOLIDATION. The Court System Supervision of the judiciary. CHAPTER 7. CONFESSIONALISM, NOTABLES, AND ADMINISTRATIVE POSTITIONS. Sectarian Distribution of Administrative Positions Powerful Notables as Officials The Struggle for Offices. CHAPTER 8: THE GOVERNMENT AND THE CHURCH. Relations Between Temporal and Ecclesiastical Authorities, 1861-1915 The War Years and After, 1925-1920. CONCLUSION. Appendix A: The Governors of Mount Lebanon, 1861-1918. Appendix B: Ottoman Documents on Mount Lebanon, 1861-19l8. Notes. Bibliography. Index. Maps. 1. Traditional Districts of Mount Lebanon and Their Relatioship to Land Formations. 2. The Governorate of Mount Lebbanon, 1861-1920. Tables. 1. Male Population and Distribution of the Fixed Tax in Mount Lebanon, 1866-1868. 2. Population of Mount Lebanon According to the Census of 1913-1914. 3. Distribution of Government Positions by Sect, 1902-1907.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781850436553
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 372
  • ID: 9781850436553
  • ISBN10: 185043655X

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