A few articles have been published about the environmental history of World War II, and some books have touched on the period. However, this is the first work that strives to open global perspectives on the environmental history of that global war. The Long Shadows is based on long-term research and an international workshop that was organized by the editors in 2012. The selected articles represent the best available studies in different fields and countries. The book has a truly global approach because it explores Europe, America, Asia, and Africa.