Fieldwork has been combined with archival research conducted in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Nigeria to explicate the manner in which the Sudan United Mission strove to create a Christian Northern Nigerian identity in order to combat a Muslim Hausa identity. To accomplish this transformation, the missionaries created a home for freed Nigerian slaves; it was named after Lucy Guinness Kumm, one of its founders. The story of the home and its use takes place in the midst of Lord Lugard's colonial ideal of indirect rule and the working misunderstanding in which local rulers presumably conducted local affairs in an independent manner free from direction from the colonial government. The reality was much different and each of the participants chose to 'misunderstand' the actions, motives, and histories of the others. These included indigenous Muslim rulers, so-called 'pagans,' colonial officials, and missionaries. In the midst of numerous intrigues, the Sudan United Mission took care of over 200 freed slave children and initiated significant educational reforms. The depiction of a plural society and its expatriates is a major contribution. The book has value for studies in education, colonial history, and cultural anthropology.
Virginia A. Salamone is principal of Sacred Heart Elementary School in Hartsdale, New York. She has taught college at the University of Jos, Nigeria, Elizabeth Seton College, Iona College, Mt. St. Vincent College, the College of New Rochelle, and Katherine Gibbs College. She has authored and co-authored a number of articles on Nigeria. Frank A. Salamone is former Chair of Sociology and Anthropology at Iona College, New Rochelle, NY. He has authored or edited more than ten books and over 100 articles; written numerous chapters for edited volumes; has delivered many papers at national and international conferences; and is a member of many professional societies. He has conducted fieldwork in Nigeria, the United States, Venezuela, the United Kingdom, and in many other locations around the world.
Part 1 Preface Part 2 Acknowledgements Chapter 3 Lucy Guiness Kumm Chapter 4 The Founding of the Sudan United Mission Chapter 5 Expatriate Society, Lugard, Indirect Rule, and Ending Slavery Chapter 6 Overview of the Lucy Memorial Freed Slaves Home Chapter 7 Lugard's Relations with SUM and SUM History Relevant to the Freed Slaves' Home Chapter 8 Promoting the Lucy Memorial Freed Slaves' Home Chapter 9 Conclusion Part 10 References Part 11 Index Part 12 About the Authors