This book investigates the contributions of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to policymaking at the WTO, challenging the idea that NGOs can be narrowly understood as potential `democratic antidotes' to the imperfections of Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGOs).
The book highlights the significance of interactions between states, NGOs and IGOs, in order to understand their contributions to international trade governance. Based on case studies in the areas of labour standards, intellectual property and investment rules, the author finds that NGO activities serve an agenda setting function: they publicize neglected trade-related issues, persuade others to support their positions, enhance the resources of less developed member states and highlight normative rationales for policy change. In evaluating NGO campaign tactics and emphasizing relations between NGOs and WTO member states, this book advances understandings of the parameters of NGO agency in global governance.
The Making of International Trade Policy will appeal to scholars and students with an interest in NGOs, research institutes and thinktanks, as well as policymakers, national trade negotiators, government departments and the trade policy community. NGO personnel active on WTO and trade policy issues - both researchers and activists - will also find this book thought-provoking.
Contents: Foreword 1. Introduction: NGOs and the WTO 2. NGOs, States and the WTO: Towards a Governance-centred Perspective 3. Conceptualizing NGO Activity in the WTO Contex 4. The Campaign for International Core Labour Standards at the WTO 5. Safeguards Pending: TRIPS and the Access to Medicines Campaign 6. The NGO Campaign Against a WTO Investment Agreement 7. Understanding the Agenda-setting Roles of NGOs at the WTO 8. Conclusion Index