Although Cortes conquered the Aztec empire in 1521, imperial Spain knew little about the Mexican territory under its control when Philip II acceded to the throne in 1556. As part of a vast project to learn about its territories in the New World, Spain commissioned a survey - the Relaciones Geograficas - of Spanish officials in Mexico between 1578 and 1584, as king for local maps as well as descriptions of local resources, history, and geography. Offering a contemporary record of what sixteenth-century Mexico looked like, the sixty-nine manuscript maps from this survey also highlight the gulf between colonial and indigenous conceptions of Mexico. In this text Barbara Mundy illuminates the complex cultural negotiations that colonists and indigenes undertook in mapping the colony. She explains the Amerindian and Spanish traditions represented in these early colonial maps, and traces the gradual reshaping of indigene world views in the wake of colonization.
List of Illustrations Preface Acknowledgments Author's Note Ch. 1: Spain and the Imperial Ideology of Mapping Ch. 2: Mapping and Describing the New World Ch. 3: Colonial Spanish Officials and the Response to the Relacion Geografica Questionnaire Ch. 4: The Native Painters in the Colonial World Ch. 5: The Native Mapping Tradition in the Colonial Period Ch. 6: Language and Naming in the Relaciones Geograficas Maps Ch. 7: The Relaciones Geograficas and Other Viceregal Maps in New Spain Ch. 8: Conclusion App. A: Catalogue of Maps Studied App. B: The Questionnaire of the Relaciones Geograficas App. C: The Nahuatl Inscriptions of the Macuilsuchil Map App. D: A Typical Viceregal Acordado Notes Bibliography Index